Khansama Upazila (Dinajpur district) with an area of 179.72 sq km, is surrounded by Debiganj and Nilphamari Sadar upazilas on the north, Chirirbandar and Dinajpur Sadar upazilas on the south, Nilphamari Sadar upazila on the east, Kaharole and Birganj upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Atrai and Upper Karatoya.
Khansama (Town) consists of 1 mouza. The area of the town is 7.75 sq km. It has a population of 6562; male 51.22%, female 48.78%. The density of population is 847 per sq km. The literacy rate among the town people is 847 per sq km.
Administration Khansama thana was established in 1891 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of 6 union parishads, 57 mouzas and 57 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Aokar Mosque (1172 AD).
Historical events During the War of Liberation a group of freedom fighters led by Subedar Majid had a battle with the Pak soldiers along the banks of the Atrai river. Subedar Majid was killed in the battle.
Marks of War of Liberation Memorial Monument 1.
Population 123782; male 51.77% and female 48.23%; Muslim 69.91%, Hindu 29.75% and others 0.34%.
Main occupations Agriculture 45.94%, fishing 1.02%, agricultural labourer 34.92%, wage labourer 2.53%, commerce 6.72%, service 2.22% others 6.65%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 23.2%; male 32.4%, female 13.6%.
Educational institutions: college 8, high school 8, government primary school 51, private primary school 22, madrasa 34.
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Weekly: Follow-up (irregular).
Cultural organisations Club 23, public library 1, cinema hall 1, opera party 1, women's organisation 5. Religious institutions Mosque 301, temple 25, church 7.
Land use Cultivable land 13728.85 hectare; fallow land 276 hectare; single crop 48%, double crop 41% and treble crop 11%.
Land control Among the peasants 49% landless, 29.5% small, 18.5% medium, 3% rich.
Value of land Market value of land of first grade is Tk. 7500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, sugarcane, potato, onion. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Mustard, jute, sesame and kaun.
Main fruits Watermelon, mango, banana, jackfruit, litchi.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 16, fishery 18, hatchery 1.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 20 km, semi pucca 15 km, mud road 205 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), bullock cart and horse carriage (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories Rice-husking mill 51, ice factory 2, biscuit factory 2 and oil mill 2.
Cottage industries Goldsmith 15, blacksmith 75, potteries 59, wood work 62, tailoring 32, weaving 12.
Hats and bazars Total number of hats and bazars are 22, most noted of which are Khansama, Kachinia and Ramkala.
Main exports Watermelon and banana. NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Caritas
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health and family planning centre 5, satellite clinic 1.