Kurigram Sadar Upazila (Kurigram district) with an area of 276.45 sq km, is surrounded by Phulpur (kurigram) and Nagesswari upazilas on the north, Ulipur upazila on the south, Asam Province of India on the east, Rajarhat upazila on the west.
Main rivers are Bramaputra and Dharla.
Kurigram Sadar (Town) consists of 9 wards and 107 mahallas.The area of the town is 16.17 sq km. The municipality was established in 1972. The town has a population of 66438; male 51.25% and female 48.75%; population density per sq km 4109. Literacy rate among the town people is 39.9%. The town has two dakbungalows.
Administration Kurigram Sadar thana, now an upazila, was established in 1874. The upazila consists of 1 municipality, 9 wards, 11 union parishads, 169 mouzas and 256 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Two canons of Panga Kingdom (preserved at the BDR Gate), Kalir Pot (Daserhat) and the residence of the Sub-Divisional Officer.
Historical events Many historical events like Tebhaga Movement, Indigo Resistance Movement, Fakir-Sannyasi movement and War of liberation occurred in Kurigram Sadar upazila. The Kurigram Town was affected by Dharla river erosion several times. The 'red water' erosion of 1954 is a memorable event. Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave: Kathalbari, Jailkhana gate, place on the south of the residence of Mohi Bepari, in front of the bungalow of SP, near the residence of physician Shafar; memorial plank at Ghoshpara; victory memorial pillar at the turn of the College.
Population 217311; male 51.01%, female 48.99%; Muslim 91.42%, Hindu 8.12% and others 0.46%.
Religious institutions Mosque 325 and temple 28.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 32.1%; male 34.11% and female 30.9%.
Educational institutions: government college 2, non-government college 5, commerce college 1, government high school 2, non-government high school 21, madrasa 20, maktab 50, primary training institute 1, veterinary training institute 1, nursing training institute 1, youth training centre 1, deaf school 1, mentally retarded school 1, government primary school 70, non-government primary school 45.
Noted educational institutions: River View High School (1915), Kurigram Government Boy's High School (1895) and Kurigram Government College (1961).
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Present: Dainik Kurigram Khabor, Dainik Chaoa Paoa, Weekly Tatta Katha, Weekly Kurigram Barta, Weekly Dharla; extinct: Banglar Dak, Monthly Pravati, Ganakatha, Ajker Kurigram.
Cultural organiations Club 41, cinema hall 3, public library 2, theatre stage 3, theatre group and opera party 3, debating society 1, women's organisation 4, shilpakala academy 1, cultural group 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 34.81%, agricultural labourer 25.63%, wage labourer 4.56%, commerce 10.91%, service 8.24%, transport 3.21% and others 12.64%.
Land use Total cultivable land 18300.28 hectares, fallow land 553 hectares; single crop land 22.93%, double crop 62.93% and treble crop land 14.14%. Cultivable land under irrigation 31.72%.
Land control Among the peasants 30% are landless, 28% small, 35% intermediate and 7% rich; cultivable land per head 0.08 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 8500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, kaun, potato, corn, peanut, bamboo, vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Indigo, dhemsi, china, sweet potato and aus paddy.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, black berry, litchi, papaya, banana, betel nut, kamranga.
Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 3, dairy 46 and poultry 47.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 49 km, semi pucca 18 km and mud road 170 km; railways: 17 km; waterways 17 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart, buffalo cart and horse carriage. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Rice and flour mill 8, textile mill 1, biscuit factory 15, pulse mill 2, ginning mill 1, printing press 6, cold storage 1, chira mill 4, soap factory 3, semai factory 1, toffee factory 1, welding 10, ice factory 4.
Cottage industries Bamboo and cane work 20, goldsmith 25, blacksmith 30, potteries 15, cobbler 40, bidi 2, wood work 50, tailoring 50.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 143, most noted of which are Kathalbari Hat, Kurigram Hat, Jatrapur Hat; noted fairs: Rashuner Mela (Changrar Mela), Dasharar Mela (Dasher Hat).
Main exports Jute, paddy, peanut, bamboo, potato, carrot, chicken.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC. RDRS, Chhinamukul, Solidarity, CARE, Jibika, Save the Children, Swanirvar Bangladesh, Diganta Samaj Unnayan Sangstha.
Health centres Government hospital 1, ngo hospital 1, private clinic 2, veterinary hospital 1, chest diseases hospital 1, family planning centre 1.