Lama Upazila (Bandarban district) with an area of 671.84 sq km, is surrounded by Bandarban Sadar and Lohagara (Chittagong) upazilas on the north, Naikhongchhari and Alikadam upazilas on the south, Ramu, Thanchi and Alikadam upazilas on the east, Chakaria upazila on the west. 

Major area of the upazila is covered by low hills. 

Lama (Town) consists of two mouzas. Its area is 41.44 km. The town has population of 13406; male 54%, female 46%. The density of population is 324 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 29.6%.

Administration Lama thana was established in 1923 and was turned into an upazila in 1985. It consists of 5 union parishads, 18 mouzas and 247 villages. 

Population 64717; male 53.94%, female 46.06%; Muslim 70.3%, Buddist 22.81%, Hindu 3.43%, Christan 2.78%, others 0.67%. 

Marmas constitute the largest tribal group of people in the upazila and next Murong, Tripura, Chakma and Tanchangya are important.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 21.2%; male 28.2%, female 12.7%. 

Main occupations Agriculture 41.84%, forestry 5.18%, agricultural labourer 15.54%, wage labourer 7.28%, commerce 8.23%, service 8.32%, others 13.61%. 

Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is about Tk. 25000 per 0.01 hactare. Main crops Paddy, sesame, cotton, turmeric, ginger and vegetables.

Main fruits Banana, jackfruit, papaya. 

Cottage industries These include saw, and indigenous wood processing units, bamboo and cane work, tribal weaving, traditional ornaments makers and makers of household implements. 

Hats and bazars Lama. Main exports Banana, jackfruit, bamboo, cotton, sesame, ginger, turmeric and vegetables. 

Health centres Upazila health centre 1