Lohagara Upazila (Chittagong district) with an area of 258.87 sq km, is bounded by Satkania upazila on the north, Chakaria andLama upazilas on the south, Bandarban and Lama upazilas on the east, Banshkhali upazila on the west.
Noted canals are Tonkaboti, Dolu and Hadar.
Lohagara (Town) consists of one mouza. The area of the town is 9.78 sq km. The town has a population of 22294; male 53.89% and female 46.11%. Population density per sq km 2280. Literacy rate among the town people is 42.7%.
Administration Lohagara thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of 9 union parishads, 40 mouzas and 43 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Mochhdia Buddhist Temple (Adhunagar, 18th century).
Historical events During the War of Liberation the Pakistan army killed 15 villagers at Banikpara of Amirabad. The freedom fighters killed 17 Razakars at Jotpukuria.
Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 1 (Jotpukuria).
Population 203453; male 51.07%, female 48.93%; Muslim 84%, Hindu 12% and Buddhist 4%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 34%; male 42.40% and female 25.03%.
Educational institutions: college 3, madrasa 10, high school 19; noted educational institutions: North Amirabad High School (1932), Golambari High School (1937) and Kalauogan Gorsundar High School (1945).
Cultural organisations Rural club 40, playground 28, youth society 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 32.39%, fishery and livestock 2.8%, agricultural labourer 14.99%, wage labourer 4.47%, industry 1.93%, transport 3.55%, commerce 15.64%, service 10.77% and others 13.46%.
Land use Total cultivable land 12.017 hectares; fallow land 1951 hectares; single crop 31.91%, double crop 51.18% and treble crop 15.91%.
Land control Among the peasants 17.61% are landless, 57.3% small, 13.5% intermediate, 0.88% rich and 10.71% marginal.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 4000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, potato, sugarcane, chilli, felong. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, sweet potato, watermelon.
Main fruits Banana, papaya, guava and amra (hog plum).
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 18, hatchery (fish) 22, poultry 68, dairy 3. Communication facilities Roads: pucca 28 km, semi pucca 90 km and mud road 595 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct) and boat. Manufactories Textile mill 1, plywood 6, rice mill 10, ice factory 4.
Cottage industries Bamboo work, pati (mat made of an aquatic plant), netting, morra (wicker stool), wood work, blacksmith, potteries, etc.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 20, most noted of which are Darbesh Hat, Tehari Hat, Kha Hat, Sen Hat and Monufarik Hat; fair 3. Main exports Paddy, mosquito net and gengi.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, ASA, Grameen Bank, Uddipan, Protikrit, Education and Social Development.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 5 and union health centre 4.