Madan Upazila (Netrokona district) with an area of 225.85 sq km, is surrounded by Mohanganj upazila on the north, Itna and Tarail upazilas on the south, Khaliajuri upazila on the east, Kendua upazila on the west.
Main rivers are Dhanu, Dhalai, Baruni.
Madan (Town) consists of 5 mouzas. The area of the town is 15.61 sq km. The town has a population of 10662; male 52.45%, female 47.55%. The density of population is 683 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 34.4%.
Administration Madan thana was established in 1917 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of 8 union parishads, 95 mouzas and 120 villages.
Population 17613; male 50.99%, female 49.1%; Muslim 92.31%, Hindu 7.36%, Christian and Buddhist 0.12% and others 0.21%.
Religious institutions Mosque 80, temple 11, tomb 1. Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 18.7%; male 23.7% and female 13.6%.
Educational institutions: college 1, high school 12, government primary school 44, non-government primary school 23, low cost school 7, satellite school 10; noted educational institution: Jahangirpur T Amin High School (1946).
Cultural organisations Rural club 25, playground 7, women's organisation 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 52.53%, fishing 1.69%, agricultural labourer 24.4%, wage labourer 3.59%, commerce 5.58%, service 2.06% and others 10.15%.
Land use Cultivable land 17356.13 hectares; fallow land 2119.38 hectares; single crop 53%, double crop 45% and treble crop land 2%; land under irrigation 72%.
Land control Among the peasants 24% are landless, 33% small, 35% intermediate and 8% rich; cultivable land per head 0.14 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 5000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, mustard seed, corn and cotton. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute and potato.
Main fruits Jackfruit, mango. Communication facilities Roads: pucca 8 km, semi pucca 6 km and mud road 322 km; waterways 10 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart and buffalo cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Flour mill 4, saw mill 5.
Cottage industries Goldsmith 2, wood work 27, blacksmith 4, tailoring 24, welding 3, potteries 120, bamboo work 10.
Hats and bazars Hats and bazars are 17, most noted which are Deoan, Arshir, Govindasree, Joibangla and Kaital Hat.
Main exports Paddy and fish.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are CARE, Caritas, Proshika, ASA and SAS.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1 and family planning centre 8.