Madaripur Sadar Upazila (Madaripur district) with an area of 313.81 sq km, is surrounded by Shibchar and Zanjira upazilas on the north, Kalkini and Kotalipara upazilas on the south, Shariatpur upazila on the east, Rajoir upazila on the west. 

Main river: Arial Khan. 

Madaripur (Town) consists of 9 wards and 33 mahallas. The area of the town is 34.81 sq km. It has a population of 54867; male 50.69%, female 49.31%. The density of population is 1576 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 66.1%. 

Administration Madaripur Thana was established in 1964 and was turned into an upazila in 1982. It consists of one municipality, 18 union parishads, 189 mouzas and 185 villages. 

Historical events During the War of Liberation a direct encounter between the freedom fighters (Khalil Bahini) and the Pak army was held during 8th to 10 December 1971 in which the freedom fighters defeated the Pak army and captured 40 members of the Pak army including a Major and a Captain. 

Newspapers and periodicals Dainik Subarnagram, Weekly Arial Khan, Shariatullah, Ishara; extinct: Janani Bangla, Madaripur Barta, Banglar Mati. Archeological heritage Kazibari Mosque at Algi, Dargah of Shah Madar, Aouliapur Neelkuthi.

Population 307822; male 51.18%, female 48.82%; Muslim 90.65%, Hindu 8.64%, others 0.71%. 

Religious institutions Mosque 793, temple 12 and tomb 1, most noted of which is the tomb of Shah Madar. 

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 38%; male 46.2%, female 29.7%. 

Educational institutions: government college 2, private college 3, government high school 2, private high school 31, government primary school 124, private primary school 82, KG school 4, primary training institute 1, vocational institute 1, madrasa 18. 

Noted educational institutes: Government Nazimuddin College (1948), Khuajpur Abul Hussain College, Madaripur United High School (1885), Donovan Government Girl's School (1914). 

Cultural organisations Club 6, public library 2 cinema hall 4, women's organisation 3. 

Main occupations Agriculture 33.32%, fishing 1.1%, agricultural labourer 23.53%, wage labourer 3.87%, industry 1%, commerce 11.98%, transport 1.93%, construction 1.19%, service 10.14%, others 11.94%. 

Land use Cultivable land 23789 hectares, fallow land 173 hectare; single crop 35.48%, double crop 56.34% and treble crop land 8.18%.

Land control Among the peasants, 24.42% are landless, 24.27% small, 24.60% marginal, 23.80% intermediate, 2.91% rich. 

Main crops Paddy, jute, mustard, pulse, wheat, onion, sweet potato. Extinct crops Indigo, betel leaf, watermelon. 

Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, papaya, coconut, banana. Fisheries, dairies and poultries Dairy 38, poultry 115, hatchery 11. 

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 52 km, semi pucca 53 and mud road 380 km; waterways 33 nautical mile. 

Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), boat, horse carriage (nearly extinct). Manufactories Jute mill 2, ice factory 3, flour mill 5, biscuit factory 5. 

Cottage industries Small and cottage industries 110. 

Main export Jute, jute goods, molasses, betel nut, cotton. 

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac. ASA, Proshika, Grameen Bank, Care, and Swanirvar Bangladesh, Madaripur Legal Aid Association. 

Health centres Government hospital 1, private clinic 3, tuberculosis hospital 1, diabetic association 1 and health and family planning centre 13.