Madhabpur Upazila (Habiganj district) with an area of 294.27 sq km, is surrounded by Lakhai and Habiganj Sadar upazilas on the north, Tripura State of India on the south, Chunarughat upazila and Tripura on the east, Brahmanbaria and Nasirnagar upazilas on the west.
Madhabpur (Town) consists of 9 wards and 15 mahallas. The area of the town is 2.45 sq km. The town has a population of 17961; male 51.77%, female 48.23%; density of population is 7331 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 57.5%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration Madhabpur upazila consists of one municipality, 11 union parishads, 180 mouzas and 288 villages.
Population 250069; male 50.72%, female 49.28%; Muslim 77.66%, Hindu 21.19% and others 1.15%.
Religious institutions Mosque 254, temple 7, tomb 5.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 23.9%; male 30.8% and female 16.8%.
Educational institutions: college 2, government high school 4, non-government high school 6, government primary school 98, non-government primary school 21, madrasa 5.
Cultural organisations Cinema hall 2, playground 5.
Main occupations Agriculture 50.13%, agricultural labourer 17.98%, wage labourer 3.61%, commerce 6.95%, service 9.02% and others 12.31%.
Land use Total cultivable land 10669.77 hectares; fallow land 7650.75 hectares.
Land control Among the peasants, 30% are landless, 32% small, 26% intermediate and 12% rich.
Value of land The market value of land of the first grade is approximately Tk 7500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, potato, jute, mustard and pulse. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sweet potato and sesame.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya, coconut and black berry.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Dairy 11 and fishery 16.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 35 km and mud road 778 km; railway 40 km.
Traditional transport Boat, palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct).
Manufactories Cotton mill 3, filter house 3, soap factory 1, candle factory 1, pen factory 1.
Main exports Paddy, jute.
NGO activities Operationally important ngos are BRAC, ASA, VISION
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 6, satellite clinic 1.