Magura Sadar Upazila (Magura district) with an area of 406.50 sq km, is surrounded by Sreepur (Magura) and ShailKupa upazilas on the north, Salikha upazila on the south, Mohammadpur (Magura) upazila on the east, Jhenaidha Sadar upazila on the west.
Main rivers are Gorai, Nabaganga and Fatki; Sirijdia, Padma, Kumar and Gazar Garai Beels are notable.
Magura (Town) consists of 18 wards and 61 mahallas. The area of the town is 22.95 sq km. It has a population of 85216; male 51.69%, female 48.31%. Density of population is 3713 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 47.6%.
Administration Magura thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of one municipality, 18 wards, 13 union parishads, 263 mouzas and 252 villages.Archaeological heritage and relics Neelkuthi (Ichakhada), Beparipara Jami Mosque (Parnanduali), tomb of Pir Mokarram Ali (Hajipur), Siddheshwari Math (Darimagura).
Marks of War of Liberation Memorial monument adjacent to the Bishwas road.
Population 286925; male 51.41%, female 48.59%; Muslim 78.54%, Hindu 21.28% and others 0.18%.
Religious institutions Mosque 250, temple 55, church 1, tomb 1 and place pilgrimage 3. Most noted religious institutions are Magura Jami Mosque, Beparipara Jami Mosque (Parnanduali), tomb of Pir Mokarram Ali (Hajipur), Kalibari Mandir, Ashram of Nangta Baba (Satdoha), Math and Mission at Hajratal and Sidweswari Math (Darimagura).
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 30.5%; male 41.6% and female 19.4%.
Educational institutions: college 5, high school 32, madrasa 2, government primary school 105, non-government primary school 42, technical institute 1.
Noted educational institutions are Government Hussain Shahid Sohrawardhi College (1940), Magura Government Boys' High School (1854), Hajipur High School (1914), Shatrujitpur Kaliprasanna High School (1919).
Cultural organisations Club 80, public library 3, cinema hall 2, theatre group 4, opera party 2, literary society 2, women's organisation 3.
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Daily: Khedmat; weeklies: Magura Barta, Grameen Bangla, Ganasangbad and Angikar; monthly: Nabaganga.
Main occupations Agriculture 46.06%, agricultural labourer 18.06%, wage labourer 3.29%, industry 1.21%, commerce 11.37%, service 7.84%, transport 3.57%, construction 1.43%, and others 7.17%.
Land use Total cultivable land 27140.83 hectares, fallow land 141.85 hectares; single crop 25%, double crop 55% and treble crop land 20%; land under irrigation 78%.
Land control Among the peasants, 15% are landless, 35% small, 42% intermediate and 8% rich; land per head 0.12 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 7000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, mustard seed, brinjal, sugarcane, chilli, onion, chhola and musuri dal (pulse). Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sweet potato, indigo, kaun and arahar.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, black berry, papaya, bel (wood apple) and litchi.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 20, fishery 50 and hatchery 4.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 155 km, semi pucca 75 km and mud road 750 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin, motor launch, horse carriage, boat, buffalo cart and bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Textile mill 2, plastic pipe factory 1, soap factory 1, ice factory 10, bidi factory 1, lather factory 18 and welding 135.
Cottage industries Weaving 20, bamboo and cane work 325, blacksmith 150, goldsmith 70, potteries 200, wood work 105 and tailoring 500.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars is 30, most noted of which are Magura Ekata Kacha Bazar, Satrujithpur, Ichhakhada, Alokdia, Katakhali Hat; fairs 8, most noted of which are Rathkhola Mela, Katayani Mela and Baishakhi Mela.
Main exports Jute, cotton, papaya, green chilli, onion and brinjal.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac. ASA, Proshika, Swanirvar Bangladesh, Seba, Prime and ADI.
Health centres Hospital 1, upazila health complex 1, child hospital 1, eye hospital 1, diabetic hospital 1, maternity hospital 1, family welfare centre 13 and satellite clinic 7.