Mahadevpur Upazila (Naogaon district) with an area of 395.52 sq km, is surrounded by Patnitala on the north, Manda and Naogaon Sadar upazilas on the south, BvadalGacchi and Naogaon Sadar upazilas on the east and Niamatpur and Posha upazilas on the west. 

Main rivers are Atrai Chatra and Bachnar Khari Beels are noted. 

Mahadevpur (Town) consists of four mouzas. The area of the town is 7.15 sq km. It has a population of 8184; male 52.83%, female 47.17%. Literacy rate among the town people is 53.5%. 

Administration Mahadevpur thana, now an upazila, was established in 1898. It consists of 10 union parishads, 300 villages and 307 mouzas. 

Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave 1, mass killing site 1. 

Population 232359; male 51.06%, female 48.94%; Muslim 77.75%, Hindu 20.3%, others 2.22%; ethnic nationals: Santal, Munda, Oraon, Bunua. 

Religious institutions Mosque 358, temple 13, sacred place 2 

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 27.4%; male 35.4% and female 19.8%. 

Educational institutions: college 5, high school 39, government primary school 84, non-government high school 41, madrasa 21. 

Notable institutions: Mahadevpur Sharbomangal High School (1895), Bachra Primary School (1900), Jigatala Minor School (1923), Sarshati High School (1940). Newspapers and periodicals Mahadevpur Samachar.

Cultural organisations Public library 1, rural club 15, theatre group 1, cinema hall 3, women's association 1, jatra party 1, women welfare association 1 and playground 30. 

Main occupations Agriculture 52.24%, agricultural labourer 29.99%, commerce 7.26%, wage labourer 1.49%, service 2.2%, others 6.82%. 

Land use Agricultural land 30386 hectares; fallow land 375 hectares. Single crop 25%, double crop 41% and treble crop land 34%. Land under irrigation 83%. 

Land control Among the peasants 20% are rich, 24% medium, 30% marginal, 26% landless. 

Value of land Market value of land of first grade is Tk 6000 per 0.01 hectare. 

Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, watermelon, sugarcane, onion, garlic, brinjal, patal. Extinct crops Sweet potato, kaun, barley, sesame and kherach. 

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, litchi, banana and papaya. Dairies, fisheries and poultry Dairy 83, fishery 31, hatchery 5, poultry 31. 

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 58 km, semi pucca 2 km and mud road 1615; waterway 10 nautical mile; helipad 1.

Manufactories Auto rice mill 1, ice factory 5, biscuit factory 1, candy factory 1

Cottage industries Handloom 12, bamboo work 250, goldsmith 50, blacksmith 75, potteries 325, wood work 140, sewing 350, bidi factory 2, welding 15 Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 40; fair 4. 

Main exports Paddy, watermelon, fine rice, sugarcane, banana, papaya. 

NGO activities Operationally NGOs are BRAC. ASA, GRAMEEN BANK, TMSS, ACD, Ashray, Muslim Foundation, Palli Unnayan Sangstha, Samaj Unnayan Sangstha. 

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 5, family planning centre 4.