Maheshpur Upazila (Jhenaidaha district) with an area of 405.44 sq km, is surrounded by Jibannagar and Kotchandpur upazilas on the north, Chuadanga upazila and West Bengal (India) on the south, Chaugachha upazila on the east, West Bengal of India on the west.
Kobadak and Betna rivers and Boldahar Baor are notable.
Maheshpur (Town) consists of 9 wards and 14 mahallas. The area of the town is 11.47 sq km. The town has a population of 23273; male 51.26% and female 48.74%; population density per sq km 2029. Literacy rate among the town people is 31.9%.
Administration Maheshpur thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of one municipality, 15 union parishads, 159 mouzas and 194 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Shiva Mandir (302 BH), Neelkuthi at Khalishpur, tomb of Bhalai Shah and Sreepat Mandir.
Historical events In a direct encounter on 27 November 1971 between the Pak army and the freedom fighters many members of the Pak army were killed and so were freedom fighters Rawshan and Abdul Aziz. Marks of War of Liberation Mass killing site at Shaher Dari; martyr memorial monument at Maheshpur High School.
Population 246350; male 51.22%, female 48.78%; Muslim 95.59%, Hindu 4.31% and others 0.10%.
Religious institutions Mosque 335, temple 21; noted which are Maheshpur Jami Mosque, Shiva Mandir and Sreepat Mandir.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 22.2%; male 28.2% and female 15.8%.
Educational institutions: college 4, high school 30, madrasa 12, government primary school 66, non-government primary school 68, technical institution 1.
Noted educational institution: Maheshpur High School (1863). Locally published newspapers and periodical Weekly Simanta Bani.
Cultural organisations Rural club 20, press club 1, public library 1, cinema hall 3, theatre stage 1, theatre group 4.
Main occupations Agriculture 47.37%, agricultural labourer 32.36%, wage labourer 1.44%, commerce 9.40%, service 2.22% and others 7.21%.
Land use Total cultivable land 33039.25 hectares, fallow land 249.29 hectares; single crop 21.66%, double crop 63.55% and treble crop land 14.79%.
Land control Among the peasants, 16% are landless, 37% small, 32% intermediate and 15% rich; cultivable land per head 0.13 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 6500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, sugarcane, onion, garlic, cotton. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Bhura, barley, khesari, chhola, aus paddy and arahar.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, black berry, papaya, coconut, watermelon, and jamrul. Dairies, poultries Dairy and poultry 3.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 20 km, semi pucca 40 km and mud road 718 km; waterways 4 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories Ice factory 4 and welding 20.
Cottage industries Weaving 35, goldsmith 45, blacksmith 95, potteries 15, wood work 165.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 33, most noted of which are Khalishpur, Purapara, Talsa, Shayamkur, Jinnatnagar, Bhairaba, Samanta and Belemath; noted fairs: Fatehpur Baishaki Mela and Maheshpur Durga Puja Mela.
Main exports Tomato, banana, jackfruit, potato and date molasses.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, ASA, Grameen Bank,Proshika, Ahsania Mission, Wave and RICO.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning clinic 11, satellite clinic 4.