Mathbaria upazila (Pirozpurdistrict) with an area of 353.25 sq km, is surrounded by Pirojpur Sadar and Bhandaria upazilas on the north, Patharghata upazila on the south, Bamna and Kathaliua upazilas on the east, Sarankhala and Morellgonj upazilas on the west. 

Main rivers are baleshwar and pona.

Mathbaria (Town) consists of 9 wards and 15 mahallas. The area of the town is 15.92 sq km. It has a population of 16573; male 52.07%, female 47.93%; density of population is 1041 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 51.5%. The town has one dakbungalow.

Administration Mathbaria thana was established in 1904 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of 11 union parishads, 67 mouzas and 92 villages.

Historical events During the War of Liberation the Razakars killed 12 freedom fighters at Jhatipunia.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass killing site 1.Population 253915; male 50.13%, female 49.87%; Muslim 87.52%, Hindu 12.37% and others 0.11%. 

Religious institutions Mosque 692, temple 14, sacred place 1, most noted of which are Bandar Jami Mosque, Safa Jami Mosque, Mathbaria Hari Mandir. 

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 59.6%; male 65.4% and female 53.7%. 

Educational institutions: college 4, high school 47, government primary school 115, non-government primary school 80, satellite school 7. 

Noted institutions: Purba Phuljhuri Government Primary School (1896), Suryamani Road Government Primary School (1900), K M Latif Institution (1928).

Cultural organisations Club 19, public library 1, cinema hall 1, theatre group 1.

Locally published newspapers and periodical Mathbaria Samachar (fortnightly).

Main occupations Agriculture 42.95%, agricultural labourer 21.14%, wage labourer 4.12%, commerce 10.85%, service 5.28%, fishing 2.62%, construction 1.11%, transport 1.41% and others 10.52%. 

Land use Total cultivable land 2421.89 hectares; fallow land 219.34 hectares; single crop 56.73%, double crop 41.15% and treble crop land 2.12%. 

Land control Among the peasants 31% are landless, 33% small, 30% intermediate and 6% rich.

Value of land Market value of land of the first grade is approximately Tk 5000 per 0.01 hectare. 

Main crops Paddy, wheat, sugarcane, chilli and pulses.Extinct or nearly extinct crops Balam paddy, jute, sesame and mustard seed.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana and coconut.Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 1, fishery 195, hatchery 1.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 39 km, semi pucca 12 km and mud road 420 km; waterways 8 nautical mile.

Traditional transport Palanquin, Gina and Panshi boat. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.Manufactories Rice mill 10, saw mill 8, ice factory 2.

Cottage industries Weaving 5, bamboo work 127, goldsmith 40, blacksmith 55, potteries 158, tailoring 110, wood work 102, welding 12.Hats, bazars and fairs 

Hats and bazars are 31, fair 3. Main exports Coconut, betel leaf and betel nut.

NGO activities Operationally important ngos are Brac, ASA, Grameen Bank, Care, Dak Diye Jai, Jubak, etc.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 7, palli health service 49, and satellite clinic 2.