Matihar Thana (Rajshahi district) with an area of 86.12 sq km, is surrounded by Paba upazila and Boalia thana on the north, Paba upazila on the south and east, Boalia thana on the west.
Matihar (Town) Matihar thana under Rajshahi City Corporation, is located in Kajla mouza. Literacy rate among the urban people is 63.05%; male 69% and female 57.1%.
Administration Matihar thana was established on 1 July 1992 taking parts from Boalia thana, Paba and Charghat upazilas. It has only metropolitan police administration. About 40% area of the thana belongs to the urban area and rest to rural area. It consists of 45 mouzas and 4 wards. Of the mouzas 34 belonged to Paba upazila, 6 to Boalia thana and 5 to Charghat upazila.
Histrical events Dr. Shamsuzzoha, Reader of the Department of Chemistry and Proctor of the Rajshahi University, was killed by the Pak army on 18 February 1969. During the War of Liberation Zoha Hall of the University was used as a torture centre by the Pakistan occupation army.
Marks of the War of Liberation Sabas Bangladesh (sculpture), martyr memorial collection, mass grave at a place adjacent to Zoha Hall.
Population 192724; male 51.6%, female 48.4%; Muslim 97%, Hindu 2.5% and Christian 0.5%. Religious institutions Mosque 127, temple 1, tomb 2.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 52.5%; male 64.5% and female 40.5%.
Educational institutions: university 1, technical college 1, science research centre 1, rice research institute 1, fruit research institute 1, college 6, high school 23, government primary school 35, kindergarten 5.
Noted educational institutions: Kharkhari Government Primary School (1885) and Maskatadighi Multilateral Technical High School (1952).
Cultural organisations Club 12, public library 1, cinema hall 1, women's organisation 24, playground 8.
Main occupations Agriculture 22.73%, commerce 24.12%, service 43.2%, transport 2.23%, construction labourer 0.91%, industry 1.18% and others 5.63%.
Land use Total cultivable land 4888.71 hectares; single crop 30%, double crop 50% and treble crop land 20%.
Land control Among the peasants 30% are landless, 55% small, 10% intermediate and 5% rich. Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 5000 to 30000 per decimal. Main crops Paddy, wheat, jute, sugarcane, potato, tomato, cauliflower, brinjal, radish, patal.
Extinct or nearly extinct crops Varieties of pulse, linseed, mustard seed, arahar (Pigeon pea).
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, litchi, blackberry and papaya. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Dairy 12, fishery 11 and poultry 25.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 60 km, semi pucca 7 km and mud road 110 km; railways 6 km; waterways 3 nautical mile; railway station 2.
Traditional transport Palanquin and horse carriage. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Sugar mill 1, jute mill 1.
Cottage industries Cottage industries include weaving 12, bamboo work 50, goldsmith 11, wood work 32, welding 17.
Hats, bazars Hats and bazars are 12.
Main exports Sugar, jute goods, potato, banana, papaya, vegetables.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Proshika, Grameen Bank, TMSS, Care, ACD.