Matiranga Upazila (Khagrachari district) with an area of 388.68 sq km, is surrounded by the Indian State of Tripura on the north and west, Ramgarh upazila on the south, Panchari, Khagrachari and Mahalchhari upazilas on the east. 

Main rivers are Feni and Pilac; notable tilas are Alu Tila, Birashi Tila, Bhagaban Tila and Lakshmichhari Tila.

Matiranga (Town) consists of one mouza. It has an area of 2.59 sq km. The town has a population of 6426; male 57.89% and female 42.11%; population density per sq km 2481. Literacy rate among the town people is 45.8%. The town has two dakbungalows. 

Administration Matiranga thana, now an upazila, was established in 1980. The upazila consists of seven union parishads, 28 mouzas and 256 villages. Religious institutions Mosque 55, temple 27, pagoda 25 and sacred place 1 (Matai Pukhiri). 

Population 71949; male 52.38%, female 47.62%; Muslim 72.09%, Hindu 20.38%, Buddhist 7.46% and others 0.07%. 

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 24.1%; male 33.4% and female 13.6%. 

Educational institutions: college 1, high school 10, madrasa 7, government primary school 70, non-government primary school 22. 

Noted educational institution: Tabalchhari Kadamtoli High School (1959). Cultural organisations Public library 1, rural club 10, cinema hall 5, women's organisation 4, playground 20. 

Main occupations Agriculture 39.24%, fishing 1.13%, commerce 8.95%, agricultural labourer 24.67%, wage labourer 8.32%, services 6.05% and others 11.64%.

 Land use Total cultivable land 7569.81 hectares, fallow land 1389.31 hectares; single crop 21%, double crop 45% and treble crop land 34%.

Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 7400 per 0.01 hectare. 

Main crops Paddy, arum, sugarcane, potato, brinjal, sweet pumpkin, corn, marka, cucumber, turmeric, ginger, arhar (kind of pulses) and tomato. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute, kaun, mustard, til and man kachu (variety of arum). 

Main fruits Jackfruit, banana, mango, blackberry, litchi, papaya, lemon, pineapple, jongli (wild), kul, ata (custard apple), guava, kamranga (kind of sour fruit), bel (wood-apple) and jumbura (shaddock). 

Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 60, poultry 36 and hatchery 1. 

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 81 km, semi pucca 50 km and mud road 270 km. 

Traditional transport Bullock cart (nearly extinct) and boat. 

Manufactories Saw mill 35, plywood factory 2, brickfield 12, flour mill 2. 

Cottage industries Weaving 16, bamboo & cane work 2, welding 4, blacksmith 58, wood work 2, tailoring 95. 

Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 6, most noted which are Matiranga, Guimara, Tabalchhari, Belchhari, Gumti and Taindong; noted fair Kagori Chowdhury Mela. 

Main exports Wood, paddy, cotton, banana, papaya. 

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac,German-Bangla Friendship Society and Bandarban Buddhist Orphanage. 

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 8, rural health centre 1 and sub health centre 3.