Meherpur Sadar Upazila (Meherpur distict) with an area of 374.10 sq km is surrounded by Gangni upazila and West Bengal (India) on the north, Damurhuda upazila and West Bengal (India) on the south, Gangni and Alamdanga upazilas on the east, West Bengal (India) on the west.
Main Rivers are Bhairab Chand Beel and Bijan Beel is notable.
Meherpur (Town) consists of 9 wards and 72 mahallas. It has an area of 13.62 sq km. The population of the town is 35771; male 52.33%, female 47.67%. The density of population is 2626 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 49.4%. The town was established in the beginning of the sixteenth century. Meherpur municipality was established in 1960.
Administration Meherpur thana was turned into an upazila in 1984. The upazila consists of one municipality, 9 union parishads, 129 mouzas, 77 villages.
Archaeological heritage Ballavpur Mission, Swami Nigmand Ashram, tomb of Barkat Bibi, Mandir at Kalitala and Amjhupi Kuthibari.
Historical events The historic Amjhupi Neelkuthi of the indigo planters is located near the Meherpur Town. The indigo planters used this neelkuthi as a torture centre. During the War of liberation the Proclamation of Independence was formally read by Yusuf Ali at village Baidyanathtala (present name Mujibnagar) on 17 April 1971. The Provisional Government of Bangladesh also took oath here on this day.
Mark of War of liberation Mass graveyard 1.
Population 262779; male 51.2%, female 48.8%; Muslim 96.7%, Hindu 1.5%, Christian 1.7% and others 0.1%.
Religious institutions Mosque 334, temple 7, church 1, tomb 3. Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 24.9%; male 29.2%, female 20.3%.
Educational institutions: government college 2, non-government college 1, government high school 2, non-government high school 14, madrasa 6, government primary school 41 and technical school 2.
Newspapers and periodicals Dainik Meherpur, Dainik Azam; weeklies: Mujibnagar and Parichay.
Cultural organisations Public library 3, club 15, cinema hall 4, shilpakala academy 1, theatre group 15, playground 8, theatre stage 2 and literary society 2.
Main occupation Agriculture 36.64%, agricultural labourer 34.01%, wage labourer 2.41%, commerce 13.41%, transport 1.36%, service 4.29%, others 7.88%.
Land use Cultivable land 20037 hectares, fallow land 127 hectares. Land control Among the peasants 30% are landless 20% small, 40% intermediate and 10% rich.
Value of land The market value of first grade arable land is about Tk 4500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, jute, tobacco, betel leaf, onion, garlic and chilli.
Extinct and nearly extinct crops Sesame, mustard, barely, kaun, linseed, indigo and aman paddy.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, litchi and banana. Fisheries, dairies, poultry Fishery 8, poultry 125, hatchery 1, dairy 103.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 50 km, semi pucca 20 km and mud road 400 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories Flour mill 3 and ice factory 10.
Cottage industries Weaving 10, bamboo work 30, goldsmith 50, blacksmith 100, potteries 10, wood work 150, tailoring 250 and welding 20.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 15, noted of which are Amjupi, Meherpur, Garabalia; fair 3.
Main exports Betel leaf, onion, garlic, banana, sugarcane molasses, mango, litchi and jackfruit.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, Proshika, ASA,Caritas , Nari Unnayan Shakti, Palasi Para, Samaj Kalyan Samity, SDPRRC, Nati Mukti and Mallika.
Health centres Hospital 1, private clinic 9, child welfare centre 1, family planning centre.