Melandaha Upazila (Jamalpur district) with an area of 239.65 sq km, is surrounded by Islampur upazila on the north, Jamalpur Sadar and Madarganj upazilas on the south, Jamalpur sadar, Sherpur and Islampur upazilas on the east, Madarganj and Islampur upazilas on the west.
River- Jhinai and Old Brahmaputra; marsh land 586 hectares; noted beels are Bagbar, Dengar, Bagdeo, Silan; noted canals are Chatal, Madardaha, Nujang.
Melandaha (Town) consists of 9 wards and 26 mahallas.The area of the town is 8.96 sq km. The town has a population of 33399; male 50.70%, female 49.30%; population density per sq km is 3728. Literacy rate among the town people is 22.7%.
Administration Melandaha thana, now an upazila, was established in 1925. The upazila consists of one municipality, 10 union parishads, 140 mouzas and 190 villages.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass graves at Adhipoita, Kahetpara, Konamalancha, Chargovindapur.
Population 262478; male 51.39%, female 48.61%; Muslim 98.52%, Hindu 1.44% and others 0.04%; ethnic nationals: Garo and Hajong 224 families.
Religious institutions Mosque 291, temple 7. Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 17.4%; male 22.1% and female 12.4%.
Educational institutions: government college 1, non-government college 5, government secondary school 1, non-government secondary school 23, madrasa 26, government primary school 82, non-government primary school 43; noted educational institution: Hajrabari High School (1926), Melandaha Government Girl's High School and Melandaha Government College.
Cultural organisations Rural club 41, library 1, cinema hall 2, theatre group 2, literary society 8, women's organisation 2, playground 11.
Main occupations Agriculture 44.65%, fishing 1.10%, agricultural labourer 29.38%, wage labourer 2.79%, commerce 9.71%, service 2.96%, transport 1.37%, and others 8.04%.
Land use Total cultivable land 19540 hectares, fallow land 3589.24 hectares; single crop 9.02%, double crop 48.55% and treble crop land 31.45%; land under irrigation 8256.17 hectares.
Land control Among the peasants 23.05% are landless, 26.68% marginal, 37.99% small, 10.62% intermediate and 1.66% rich.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 7500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, sugarcane, mustard seed, sweet potato, betel leaf, ground nut, betel leaf, betel nut, chilli, varieties of pulse and vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, sesame, corn, china and kaun.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, coconut, banana and papaya. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Cattle breeding centre 3, poultry 11, hatchery 6.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 19 km, semi pucca 26 km and mud road 785 km; railways 12 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin and soari. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Cottage industries Weaving 1638, blacksmith 70, potteries 38, goldsmith 221, painters 9, bamboo and cane work 139, jute and cotton good 99.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 8, most noted of which is Melandaha Bazar.
Main exports Jute, paddy, sweet potato, chilli, molasses, peanut and pulses.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, GramenBank, CARE and SDS.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 3, and family planning centre 11.