Mithapukur Upazila (Rangpur district) with an area of 515.62 sq km, is surrounded by Rangpur Sadar and Pirghacha upazilas on the north, Pirganj and Sadullapur upazilas on the south, Pirgachha and Sundarganj upazilas on the east, Badarganj and Nawabganj (Dinajpur) upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Jamuneshwari, Akhira and Ghaghat.
Mithapukur (Town) consists of 5 mouzas. It has an area of 6.36 sq km. The town has a population of 9538; male 52.64%, female 47.36%. The density of population is 1500 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 40.1%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration Mithapukur thana, now an upazila, was established in 1885. The upazila consists of 17 union parishads, 310 mouzas and 313 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Native home of Roquiiah Sakhawat Hossain (Pairabandha), Turka Mosque at Latifpur Union (Mughal period), three domed Jami Mosque at village Mithapukur (Mughal period), three domed Mosque at Phulchawki Zamindar Bari, Zamindar Bari at Phulchawki, Rajbari of Raja Bhavachandra (Dhap Udaypur), Mandir at village Aladipur, Baldipukur Mission, Mitha Pukur (pond, excavated during the Mughal period).
Historical events Nuruddin Baker Jangbahadur, zamindar of Phulchawki, led the historic Peasant Rebellion at Mughalhat and Patgram. The people of the upazila took part in attacking Rangpur Cantonment on 28 March 1971. During the War of Liberation direct encounters were held on the border of Pirganj Mithapukur and the Damdam Bridge areas between the Pak army and the combined forces of the freedom fighters and the allied troops. The Pak army conducted mass killing in the upazila.
Marks of the War of Liberation Mass killing site 5 (places under the Damdama Bridge, Damdama Bazar, in front of the tomb of Gaiyebi Ghazi Pir at Bairagiganj, Jamuneshwari River bed at Milanpur point, back yard of Milan Cinema Hall); mass grave 3 (eastern side of the tomb of Gaiyebi Ghazi Pir, under the Damdama Bridge and Damdama Bazar).
Population 409915; male 51.09%, female 48.91%; Muslim 90.34%, Hindu 7.91% and others 1.75%; ethnic nationals: Santal 2125 families.
Religious institutions Mosque 650, temple 32, church 2, tomb 4 and Buddhist vihara 1, most noted of which are Jami Mosque at village Mithapukur, Mosque at village Phulchawki, Turka Mosque at Latifpur Union, Mandir at village Aladipur, Church at Baldipukur, Benuban Buddhist Vihara, tomb of Gayebi Pir and tomb of Shah Murad at village Muradpur.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 23%; male 29.1% and female 16.5%.
Educational institutions: college 15, high school 49, junior high school 23, madrasa 109, government primary school 135, non-government primary school 106.
Noted educational institutions: Shathibari Multilateral High School (1958), Mithapukur College (1970) and Shathibari College (1970).
Cultural organisations Rural club 86, public library 1, cinema hall 5, theatre group 1, auditorium 1 and playground 15.
Main occupations Agriculture 44.18%, agricultural labourer 32.44%, wage labourer 3.6%, commerce 7.8%, service 2.78% and others 9.2%.
Land use Total cultivable land 36387.88 hectares; fallow land 1219.51 hectares; single crop 20%, double crop 65% and treble crop land 15%; land under irrigation 62%.
Land control Among the peasants 30% are landless, 25% marginal, 20% small, 20% intermediate and 5% rich; cultivable land per head 0.08 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 8000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, onion, garlic, chilli, brinjal, patal, vegetables and sugarcane. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute, tobacco, aus paddy.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, black berry, papaya and banana. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 90, fishery 7, diary 60, nursery (fish) 20 and hatchery 2.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 60 km, semi pucca 24 km and mud road 1313 km. Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories Husking mill 60, saw mill 12, oil mill 1, ice factory 5 and welding 10.
Cottage industries Bamboo work 200, jute work 6, goldsmith 85, blacksmith 75, potteries 52, tailoring 200 and leather work.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 50, most noted of which are Shathibari, Jayagirhat, Shukurer Hat and Bairati Hat; fair 3, Baruni Melas at Bairati and Chowdhury Gopalpur Hat are notable.
Main exports Paddy, wheat, sugarcane molasses, potato, patal and vegetables.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Proshika, Grameen Bank, Care, Caritas, TMSS, Grameen Krishi Foundation, RDT (Rokeya, Diana and Teresa) Bahumukhi Unnayan Sangstha.
Health centres Upazila health complex, union family planning centre 17, union health centre 11, regional training centre for family planning 1.