Mohammadpur Upazila (Magura district) with an area of 234.29 sq km, is surrounded by Madhukhali upazila on the north, Lohagara upazila on the south, Boalmari and Alfadanga upazilas on the east,Magura Sadar , Salikha and Madhukhali upazilas on the west.
Main rivers areGorai, Madhumati and Nabaganga.
Mohammadpur (Town) consists of 5 mouzas. The area of the town is 6.30 sq km. It has a population of 6531; male 52.61% female 47.39%; population density per sq km is 1036. Literacy rate among the town people is 35.9%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration Mohammadpur thana was established in 1924 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of eight union parishads, 132 mouzas and 182 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Palace of Raja Sitaram Roy (Mohammadpur Sadar), Kalimandir at Dashbhuja (1699), Lakshminarayan Temple (1704), Mohammadpur Neel Kuthi.
Historical events During the reign of Emperor Aurangzeb, Raja Sitaram Roy (jaigirdar of this region) stopped paying tax to the emperor and declared himself a sovereign king. He renamed his capital as Mohammadpur (previous name was Bagjan) after the name of Muslim Fakkih Mahmud Shah.
Population 160340; Muslim 85.49%, Hindu 15.1%, Christian 0.08%, Buddhist 0.06% and others 0.27%; ethnic nationals: Bagdhi 71.
Religious institutions Mosque 291, temple 50.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 25.8%; male 32.8% and female 18.6%.
Educational institutions: college 4, high school 20, junior high school 9, madrasa 42, government primary school 60, satellite school 16, community school 124, BRAC school 124.
Cultural organisations Rural club 32, public library 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 52.29%, agricultural labourer 21.62%, wage labourer 2.49%, commerce 7.59%, service 5.17%, transport 1.41% others 9.43%.
Land use Total cultivable land 15903.28 hectares, fallow land 6966.82 hectares; single crop 20.04%, double crop 72.71% and treble crop land 7.25%; land under irrigation 43.24%.
Land control Among the peasants, 10% are landless, 35% small, 43% intermediate and 12% rich; land per head 0.13 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 8000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, onion and garlic. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, china, bhura, barley, indigo and arahar.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, palm and coconut.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 42, fishery 890 and dairy 46.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 22 km, semi pucca 25 km and mud road 1491 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories Rice mill 54, ice factory 1 and welding 8.
Cottage industries Weaving 15, bamboo and cane work 164, goldsmith 25, blacksmith 85, potteries 97 and wood work 107.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 40, most noted of which are Mohammadpur, Binodpur, Shirgram, Babukhali; fairs 2 (Borolia Mela and Durga Puja Mela at Mohammadpur).
Main exports Jute, paddy, onion and garlic.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac. ASA, Grameen Bank
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family welfare centre 4 and veterinary hospital 1.