Location: Mongla Upazila (Bagerhat district) is surrounded by Rampal upazila on the north, the Bay of Bengal on the south, Morrelganj and Sarankhola upazilas on the east, Dacope upazila on the west.
Area:1461.22 sq km
Rivers: Main rivers are Pasur and Mongla.
Mongla Town: stands on the river Pashur. It is the second biggest seaport of the country. It consists of 9 wards and 13 mahallas. Mongla municipality was established in 1991. The area of the town is 17.79 sq km. The town has a population of 60561; male 57.27%, female 42.73%. The density of population is 2943 per sq km. The literacy rate among the town people is 53.6%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration: Mongla thana was established in 1976 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of 1 municipality 7 union parishads, 37 mouzas and 77 village.
Population: 137947; male 54.73%, female 45.27%; Muslim 71.31%, Hindu 24.95% and others 3.74%.
Religious institutions: Mosque 84, temple 29, tomb 2 and church 11.
Literacy: Average literacy 42.80%; male 49.6%, female 34.2%.
Educational Institutions: College 3, high school 20, junior school 1, government primary school 32, non-government primary school 29, satellite school 5 and madrasa 18, most noted of which is St Pauls High School.
Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Sundarban and weekly Mongla.
Cultural organisations: Public library 1, cinema hall 2, auditorium 1, cultural organisation 2, rural club 11, playground 7 and rural theatre group 1.
Main Occupations: Agriculture 21.41%, fishing 6.23%, agricultural labourer 12.41%, wage labourer 13.39%, commerce 15.09%, transport 1.94%, service 16.27%, others 13.26%.
Land Property: Land use Cultivable land 12565.76 hectares, fallow land 611.79 hectares; single crop 99.03%, double crop 0.86% and treble crop land 0.11%.
Value of land Market value of first grade of land is Tk 2000 per 0.01 hectare.
Crops: Main crop Paddy. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Coconut, betel nut and sugarcane.
Main fruits: Mango, black berry, lemon, palm and papaya. Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery (shrimp) 760, poultry 60 and frozen fish processing 1.
Communication facilities: Roads pucca 17.50 km, semi pucca 23.50 km and mud road 211 km; waterways 70 nautical mile.
Traditional transport: Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), country boat.
Mill & Factory: Manufactories Cement factories 2 and LP gas 1, Cottage industries Ice factory 10, rice mill 6, blacksmith 15 and wood work 100.
Hats, Bazars and fairs: Hats and bazars are 17, fair 1, most noted of which are Khan Jahan Ali Hat, Midhakhali Hat and Chandpai Mela.
NGO Activities: BRAC, ASA, CARITAS and World Vision.
Health centres: Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 6 and private hospital 3