Monohardi Upazila (Narsingdi district) with an area of 195.57 sq km, is surrounded by Pakundia and Katidi upazilas on the north, Shibpur upazila on the south, Belabo and Katiadi upazilas on the east, Kapasia upazila on the west.
Main rivers are old Branmapurtra and Arial Khan; noted beels are Gotashia and Parail Beel.
Monohardi (Town) consists of four mouzas. Its area is 6.83 sq km. The town has a population of 10173; male 51.3% female 48.7%; population density is 1489 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 35.5%.
Administration Monohardi thana, now an upazila, was established in 1904. The upazila consists of 11 union parishads, 124 mouzas and 165 villages. Archaeological heritage and relics Single domed mosque (1890) at Mia Bari, mosque of Abdul Hai Maulvi (1900) at Shukundi
Historical events During the mass upsurge in 1969 three persons were killed and many wounded on 29 December when police fired at Hatirdia Bazar on a procession. In 1971 five members of the Pakistan army were killed and many wounded when the freedom fighters surprised their Camp at Monohardi High School.
Population 230028; male 50.39%, female 49.61%; Muslim 94.80%, Hindu 5%, Christian 0.01%, Buddhist 0.01% and others 0.18%.
Religious institutions Mosque 645, temple 26, tomb 2, most noted Bilagi Mia-Bari Mosque, Abdul Hai Maulvi Mosque at Shukundi, Narandi Ashok Molla Mosque, Asadnagar Mazar and Monohardi Pagal Nath Ashram. Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 24.2%; male 24.2% and female 24.2%.
Educational institutions: college 7, high school 41, Alia madrasa 5, technical institution 1, government primary school 102, non-government primary school 27. Noted old institution: Hatirdia Sadat Ali Model High School (1941), Chalakchar High School (1933), Khidirpur High School (former George Mary Academy, 1912), Manohardi High School (1948), L K Union High School (1950), Shekergaon Senior Madrasa (c 1940), Hatirdia Rajiuddin College (1972), Khidirpur College (1987).
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Extinct: Daily Grameen Darpan (1984, shifted to Dhaka in 1996), Weekly Mashal (1987).
Cultural organisations Rural club 57, cinema hall 2, playground 40.
Main occupations Agriculture 67.67%, agricultural labourer 12.71%, wage labourer 1.94%, commerce 6.92%, transport 1.4%, service 4.16%, dairy 5.2%.
Land use Cultivable land 15310.80 hectares, fallow land 4246.46 hectares; single crop 20%, double crop 59% and treble crop land 21%; cultivable land under irrigation 57%.
Land control Among the peasants, 19% are landless, 32% small, intermediate 43% and 6% rich; cultivable land per head 0.06 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 10000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, onion, garlic, sugar cane, betel leaf, chilli and vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, sesame, kaun, china, indigo and arahar.
Main fruits Jack fruit, mango, papaya, litchi, banana. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 1, poultry 27, hatchery 1.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 135 km, semi pucca 40 km and mud road 285 km; waterways 46 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage and bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Cottage industries Weaving 85, goldsmith 57, blacksmith 62, potteries 21, wood work 280.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 27, most noted of which are Hatirdia, Monohardi, Chalakchar, Sagardi; noted fair is Monohardi Khalpar.
Main exports Jute, banana, betel leaf, onion, garlic, chilli and vegetables.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, , Islamic Trade and Commerce Ltd., Mauchak, Samaj Unnayan Prachesta, Pushti.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic and family planning centre 7, charitable dispensary (Bradly Berth) 1.