Muksudpur Upazila (Gopalganj district) with an area of 309.63 sq km, is surrounded by Nagarkanda and Bhanga upazilas on the north, Gopalganj and Kashiani upazilas on the south, Bhanga and Rajoir upazilas on the east and Kashiani and Boalmari upazilas on the west. 

Main river is Old Kumar. Madhumati Beel Route is an important manmade waterway. 

Muksudpur (Town) a municipal town, consists of 9 wards and 15 mahallas. The area of the town is 2.72 sq km. The town has a population of 18116; male 48.75%, female 51.25%; density of population is 2352 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 57.8%. The town has two dakbungalows. 

Administration Muksudpur thana, now an upazila, was established in 1914. It consists of 1 municipality, 17 union parishads, 206 mouzas, 260 villages. 

Historical events On 22 April 1971 two Pakistan fighter planes fired on Baniarchar in which five local persons were killed and a motor launch was damaged. On 9 August 1971 about 200 freedom fighters in collaboration with the local people liberated Muksudpur. On 12 October 1971 a direct encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army in which 22 members of the Pak army and Razakars were killed. In another direct encounter near Diknagar Bridge 30 members of the Pak army were killed and so were three freedom fighters. 

Population 269489; male 50.10%, female 49.90%; Muslim 67.84%, Hindu 30.41%, Christian 1.72%, Buddhist 0.03%. Religious institutions Mosque 392, temple 125, church 7.

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 34.3%; male 41.2% and female 27.3%. 

Educational institutions: college 4, high school 30, junior school 4, madrasa 34, government primary school 128, non-government primary school 57, KG school 4, community school 5, satellite school 10. 

Noted old institutions: Batikamari Government Primary School (1919), Batikamari High School (1921), SJ High School (1935), Pilot High School (1939), JKMB Mallick High School (1938). 

Cultural organisations Rural club 34, public library 1, cinema hall 1, theatre group 4, women's organisation 8. 

Locally published newspapers and periodicals Muksudpur Sangbad (fortnightly). 

Main occupations Agriculture 43.09%, agricultural labourer 23.45%, wage labourer 2.21%, commerce 10.10%, service 7.69%, fishing 1.71%, industry 1.11%, hawker 2.32%, construction 1.39% and others 6.93%. 

Land use Total cultivable 24256 hectares; fallow land 6664 hectares; cultivable land under irrigation 56%. 

Land control Among the peasants, 18.6% are landless, 55.6% small, 23.3% intermediate and 2.5% rich. 

Value of Land Market value of land of the first grade is approximately 3500 per 0.01 hectare. 

Main crops Paddy, wheat, jute, sugarcane, onion, garlic, betel leaf, vegetables and sweet potato.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, sesame, indigo, china, kaun. 

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya, palm, guava, lemon, litchi, coconut, guava, banana. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 40, fishery 6, dairy 13, hatchery 2. 

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 63.5 km and mud road 138. 

Traditional transport Palanquin (nearly extinct). 

Manufactories Jute mill 1, flour mill 3, ice factory 9, saw mill 14, rice mill 33, oil mill 3, cotton mill 2, dal mill 31. 

Cottage industries Bamboo work 275, goldsmith 66, blacksmith 248, potteries 102, wood work 907, tailoring 825, welding 28. 

Mineral resources Peat coal (Chandar Beel) 

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 26; fair 6, most noted of which are Tengrakhola, Banagram, Jalilpar, Takerhat, Batikamari, Ujani, Gohalar Hat, Kamlapur Mela. 

Main exports Jute, onion, wheat, palm molasses, sweet potato. 

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, Proshika, Grameen Bank,Caritas,CCBD,ASA , World Vision, HCCB. 

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 13, satellite clinic 6.