Muktagachha Upazila (Mymensingh district) with an area of 314.71 sq km, is surrounded by Mymensigh Sadar and Jamalpur Sadar upazilas on the north, Fulbaria upazila on the south, Mymensingh sadar and Fulbaria upazilas on the east, Madhupur and Jamalpur Sadar upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Aiman, Sirkhali and Sutia; noted depressions are Baril, Haoda, Raiha, Khalia, Daria Chital Beels; forestry 1252 hectares.
Muktagachha (Town) consists 9 wards and 20 mahallas. The area of the town is 7.28 sq km. It is an old municipal town (established in 1875). It has a population of 37043; male 50.63% and female 49.37%; density of population per sq km is 5088. Literacy rate among the town people is 45.93%.
Administration Muktagachha thana was established in 1961 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of 1 municipality, 9 wards, 20 mahallas, 10 union parishads, 261 mouzas and 273 villages.
Archaeological relics and monuments Gopal and Shiva Mandir at the Atani Zamindar Bari (eighteenth century), Anandamoyee Kali and Shiva Mondir, Lakshmikhola Shiva Mandir, Kutub Shah Mazar (tomb) at Kutubpur and Joyen Shah Mazar at Rasulpur.Historical events During the War of Liberation, the Pakistan army conducted genocide, torture, plunder and killing in Binodbari, Bouachar and Shasha villages.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass killing site: premises of Zamindar Bakul Babu of the upazila sadar, Mankon and Binodbari; mass grave: garbage of the upazila sadar, Mazipara of Ishwar Gram, Sreepur Mazihati of Mankon Union and Shasha of Tarati Union.
Religious institutions Mosque 428, temple 28, church 3 and tomb 5.
Population 321759; 50.77% male and 49.23% female; Muslim 94.34%, Hindu 5.35%, Christian 0.21%, and others 0.23%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 22.90%.
Educational institutions: government college 1, non-government college 3, high school 40, madrasa 18, government primary school 101, non-government primary school 43.
Noted old educational institutions: Ramkishore High School (1300 BH) and Nagendra Narayan Primary School (1907).
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Extinct: Promodi, Surid, Nirmallah and Sabar Katha.
Main occupations Agriculture 47.71%, agricultural labourer 22.76%, wage labourer 2.82%, commerce 8.3%, service 3.59%, others 14.82%.
Land control Among the peasants, 22% are landless, 47% small, 29% intermediate and 2% rich.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 2500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, betel leaf, sugarcane and mustard seed.Extinct and nearly extinct crops Local variety of banana and pulses.
Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, banana, watermelon, jam, coconut. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 103, dairy 27, poultry 61.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 38.50 km, semi pucca 11 km and mud road 310 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin, buffalo cart and horse carriage. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Biscuit factory 15, oil mill 12, press 3, saw mill 16, rice mill 221 and bidi factory 2.
Cottage industries Weaving 126, bamboo and cane work 30, blacksmith 72, wood work 40, diary products (ghee) 25.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 18, most noted of which are Natun Bazar, Dorichari Ani, Raghunathpur, Chechua, Gabtali, Rambhadrapur; fairs 5, noted Kutubpur Shivaratri Mela, Ramchandrapur Mela and Sapanna Prahar Mela. Main exports Jute, rice, betel leaf and bidi.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC. ASA, PROSHIKA, GRAMEEN BANK, CARITAS, SDP, ATTA KARMA JUBA UNNAYAN, PRATASHA AND SDS.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 4 and family welfare centre 6 and veterinary hospital 1.