Naikhongchhari Upazila (Bandarban district) with an area of 463.61 sq km, is surrounded by Matamuhuri reserve forests, Alikadam, Lama and Ramu on the north, the river Naf and Arakan state (Myanmar) on the south, hill regions of north Arakan on the east and Ukhia, Ramu and Chakaria upazilas on the west. 

Naikhongchhari (Town) consist of one mouza with an area of 54.39 sq km. It has a population of 10754; male 55.85%, female 44.15%. The density of population is 198 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 27.9%.

Administration Naikhongchhari thana was established in 1923 and turned into an upazila in 1985. It consists of 4 union parishads, 17 mouzas and 135 villages. 

Population 38350; male 53.26%, female 46.74%. Muslim 72.91%, Buddist 25.77%, Hindu 1.3%, others 0.02%. 

Marmas constitute the largest tribal group of people in the upazila (3568) and next are the Chak, Murong, Tanchangya, Chakma, Murang, tabjhong. 

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 20.2%; male 23.7%, female 46.74%.

Cultural organisations Public library 1, cinema hall 1. 

Main occupations Agriculture 40.28%, forestry 3.59%, agricultural labourer 22.33%, wage labourer 7.02%, industry 2.33%, commerce 5.01%, service 4.24%, others 15.2%. 

Land use As there had been no authentic survey in the upazila, figures on the amount of cultivable land are not available. Hill terraces are used for jhum cultivation and fruit plantation.

Land control Most part of the land is owned by the government. Tribal people of the upazila usually do not have documentary ownership of land. The Bomang Chief, however, exercises a system of land allotment through tribal power structure. 

Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 25000 and Tk. 50000 per 0.01 hectare. 

Main crops Paddy, sugarcane, sesame, cotton, turmeric, ginger and vegetables. Main fruits Banana, jackfruit, papaya.

Cottage industries saw mill, wood work, bamboo & cane work, weaving, traditional ornaments work, household appliances work, etc. 

Main hats and bazars Bahisari and Naikhongchhari Hats. 

Main exports Paddy, sugarcane, turmeric, ginger and vegetables, banana. Health centres Upazila health centre 1.