Nalchity Upazila (Jhalokati district) with an area of 237.17 sq km, is surrounded by Jhalokati Sadar and Barisal Sadar upazilas on the north,Bakerganj upazila on the south, Barisal Sadar upazila on the east, Rajapur and Jhalokati Sadar upazilas on the west.
Noted rivers: Nalchity, Sugandha,Bishkali, Khalrabad.
Nalchity (Town) consists of 9 wards and 19 mahallas. The area of the town is 24.16 sq km. The town has a population of 38786; male 49.91%, female 50.09%; density of population is 1605 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 52.5%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration Nalchity thana was established in 1924 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of one municipality, 9 wards, 10 union parishads, 149 mouzas and 150 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Sujabad Kella (1639), Civil Court Building. Historical events 19 Muslims were killed in an encounter with the British army at Kulkati in a mosque compound in 1927.
Marks of the War of Liberation Mass killing site 2.
Population 203563; male 50.01%, female 49.99%; Muslim 93.68%, Hindu 6.27% and others 0.05%.
Religious institutions Mosque 308, temple 48, church 1, tomb 3 and sacred place 1.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 47.1%; male 51% and female 43.3%.
Educational institutions: college 3, high school 41, madrasa 115, government primary school 101, non-government primary school 50, kindergarten 1.
Cultural organisations Club 22, public library 1, cinema hall 1, theatre group 2.
Main occupations Agriculture 37.27%, agricultural labourer 16.57%, wage labourer 5.38%, commerce 11.63%, service 13.83%, transport 1.89%, construction 1.68% and others 11.75%.
Land use Total cultivable land 15479.56 hectares, fallow land 1092.68 hectares; single crop 12.09%, double crop 77.53% and treble crops 10.38%; cultivable land under irrigation 24.53%.
Land control Among the peasants, 15.26% are landless, 48.92% small and marginal, 31.62% intermediate and 4.20% are rich.
Value of land Market value of land of the first grade is approximately Tk. 4000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, potato, wheat, corn, onion, garlic, chilli. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute, tobacco, sesame and linseed.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, black berry, banana, coconut, betel nut. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 8, hatchery 1, fishery 202.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 72 km, semi pucca 17 km and mud road 112 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), Gaina and panshi (nearly extinct), small boat.
Manufactories Ice factory 2, rice mill 7, saw mill 5.
Cottage industries Weaving 2, wood work 103, goldsmith 22, blacksmith 27, potteries 23, bamboo work 8, tailoring 126, welding 9.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 24, fair 3. Main exports Paddy, coconut and betel nut.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, ASA, BIRDAB,, Hilful Fujul, Grameen Unnayan Sangstha.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 8.