Nalitabari Upazila ( Sherpur district) with an area of 327.61 sq km, is surrounded by Meghalaya State of India on the north, Sherpur Sadar and Nakla upazilas on the south, Haluaghat upazila on the east and Jhenaigati upazila on the west. 

Main rivers are Kangsha , Bhugai. 

Nalitabari (Town) consists of 9 wards and 17 mahallas. The area of the town is 15.87 km. It has a population of 25481; male 51.70%, female 48.30%. The density of population is 1606 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 37.5%. 

Administration Nalitabari thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of 7 union parishads, 108 mouzas and 138 villages. 

Historical events A great peasant assemblage of the eastern region of the undivided India was held in this upazila in 1937. Revolutionary Shachi Ray was killed in the Tebhaga and Tonk movements. In 1971 many freedom fighters including Commander Nazmul Ahsan were killed in an encounter with Pakistan army at Chellakhali Khal (canal). 

Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave 1 (Nakugaon), memorial 1. 

Population 256332; male 56.51%, female 43.49%; Muslim 91.94%, Hindu 4.65%, Christian 2.13% and others 1.28%; ethnic nationals: Garo, Hajong, Hodi, Mandai and Koch. 

Religious institutions Mosque 237, tomb 10, temple 35, church 2. 

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 19.35%; male 24.7% and female 14%. 

Educational institutions: high school 20, madrasa 5, government primary school 62, non-government primary school 40, community school 5, NGO operated school 2.

Cultural organisations Rural club 20, public library 1, theatre group 2, cinema hall 2, playground 20, social organisation 10. 

Main occupations Agriculture 46.16%, agricultural labourer 28.04%, transport 1.33%, commerce 7.43%, service 2.01%, wage labourer 3.77% and others 11.26%. 

Land use Total cultivable land 24946 hectares; single crop 20.44%, double crop 67.63% and treble crop land 11.93%; land under irrigation 14327 hectares. 

Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk. 10000 per 0.01 hectare. 

Main crops Paddy, wheat, mustard seed, onion, potato. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute, linseed, sweet potato, kaun and arahar. 

Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, banana, litchi. 

Fisheries, poultries Fishery 70, poultry 22, hatchery 2. 

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 220 km and semi pucca 100 km, mud road 800 km. 

Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), bullock cart (nearly extinct) and boat. 

Manufactories Rice mill 70, ice factory 2, welding 20. 

Cottage industries Weaving 10, bamboo work 250, goldsmith 50, blacksmith 30, potteries 350, wood work 140, tailoring 250. 

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 20, most noted of which are Nalitabari Bazar; fairs 2 (Austami Mela). 

Main exports Rice, banana, vegetable. 

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac,Proshika, Grameen Bank, CARE, , SDS, Sreejani Mohila Sangstha, Nakshi. 

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 7, satellite clinic 2.