Nandail Upazila (Mymensingh district) with an area of 326.13 sq km, is surrounded by Ishwarganj upazila on the north, Hossainpur and Kishoreganj Sadar upazilas on the south, Kendua and Tarail upazilas on the east, Trisal and Gaffargaon upazilas on the west.
Old Brahmaputra and Narasunda rivers are al most dead; noted depressions are Talar Kur, Zilla Beel, Hamai Beel, Aralia Beel, Balda Beel and Tongi Beel.
Nandail (Town) consists of 9 wards and 20 mahallas. The area of the town is 13.05 sq km. It has a population of 28045; male 50.34%, female 49.66%. Density of population is 2149 per sq km. The literacy rate among the town people is 37.5%.
Administration Nandail thana, now an upazila, was established in 1912. The upazila consists of 12 union parishads, 163 mouzas and 272 villages.
Archaeological relics and monuments Muazzamabad Mosque (1493-1519), tomb and khanqah of Jahangir Shah, a companion of Hazrat Shah Jalal (R), at Jahangirpur village.
Historical events The love story of the dramatic epic Malua (Malua Pala) of the Mymensingh Gitika (ballads) belongs to Nandail. Muazzmabad (now Muazzampur) was the Administrative head quarters of East Bengal during the rein of Alauddin Hussain Shah. In the eighteenth century when the British established Neel Kuthi (indigo centre) at Deoanganj Bazar of Nandail Indigo Revolt started in the area. On 21 April 1971 the Pakistan army killed 18 persons and burned few hundred houses of Rajgati, Shuvokhila and Kaliganj areas. On 17 November 1971 some freedom fighters including Illias Uddin Bhuiyan and Shamsul Haque were killed in a battle with the Pakistan occupation army. This day is being observed as the "Nandail Shaheed Day". Marks of War of Liberation Mass killing site at Railway Bridge area of Shuvakhila Kaliganj, mass grave at Baroi Village.
Religious institutions Mosque 445, temple 6, most noted of which are Moazzampur Mosque, Nandail Bazar Baitul Mamur Mosque, Jahangirpur Mosque and Nandail Bazar Kali Mondir.
Population 328847; male 50.82%, female 49,18%; Muslim 97.32%, Hindu 2.17%, Christian 0.08%, Buddhist 0.09% and others 0.34%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 22.3%; male 27.2%, female 17.1%.
Educational institutions: college 5, government high school 1, non-government high school 24, madrasa 241, government primary school 115, non-government primary school 63.
Noted educational institutions: Chandipara Government High School (1915).Cultural organisations Club 12, theatre group 1, cinema hall 1, playground 21.
Main occupations Agriculture 64.14%, forestry and fishing 1.03%, agricultural labourer 16.9%, wage labourer 1.82%, commerce 6.19%, service 2.43%, others 7.49%.
Land use Cultivable land 24110 hectares, fallow land 8605.83 hectares; single crop 10.05%, double crop 55.58% and treble crop land 34.37%; cultivable land under irrigation 46%.
Land control Among the peasants 15.3% are landless, 26.42% marginal, 36.85% small, 17.42% intermediate and 4.01% rich.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk. 5000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, brinjal and patal. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Nazirshail paddy, kesari and kalai.
Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, banana, litchi, papaya, jam, ata, palm and coconut.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 1, dairy 14, poultry 220, hatchery and nursery 13.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 85 km, semi pucca 45 km and mud road 400 km; railway 15.5 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart and horse carriage. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct. Manufactories Flour mill 54, textile mill 1, boiler 7.
Cottage industries Weaving 2, bamboo work 309, goldsmith 35, blacksmith 53, potteries 42, wood work 185, tailoring 208 and welding 40.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 33, most noted are Nandail, Dewanganj, Moulvibazar, Gharua, Kaliganj, Banagram, Kanrapur and Singroil; fair 1 (Baruni Mela at Chaitra Samkranti).
Main exports Jute, rice, wheat, potato, pulse, sugarcane molasses and banana.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC. ASA, GRAMEEN BANK, SDS and Ganosahajya Sangstha.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 7 and family planning centre 5.