Nangalkot Upazila (Comilla district) with an area of 236.44 sq km is surrounded by Laksam and Chauddagram upazilas on the north, Senbagh and Daganbhiyan upazilas on the south, Chauddagram upazila on the east, Laksham upazila on the west. River Little Feni, Hara Khal (canal), Trishna Beel, Aichha Dighi (pond), Nandeshwar Dighi and Gotrashala Dighi are notable.
Nangalkot (Town) consists of 3 mouzas. The area of the town is 3.25 sq km. It has a population of 5115; male 55.41% and female 44.59%; population density per sq km 1573. Literacy rate among the town people is 40.9%. The town has two dakbungalows.
Administration Nangalkot thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of 11 union parishads, 213 mouzas and 285 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Brick-built fort at Patoar. Marks of War of Liberation Memorial 2.
Population 275985; male 48%, female 52%; Muslim 98.31%, Hindu 0.83% and others 0.86%. Ethnic nationals: Chakma 5 families.
Religious institutions Mosque 394, temple 9, tomb 10, most noted of which are Nangalkot Bara Mosque, Jami Mosque at Khandkar Bari, Moukra Shahi Jami Mosque, Sree Sree Kali Mandir at Hesakhal, Belghar Mandir and Ohiajora Kali Mandir.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 30.2%; male 36.6% and female 24.3%.
Educational institutions: college 6, technical college 1, high school 28, madrasa 18, government primary school 105, non-government primary school 22.
Noted educational institutions: Patoar Senior Madrasa, Nangalkot A U Kalim Madrasa, Nangalkot AR Multilateral High School, Badsha Mia High School, Nangalkot Hasan Memorial College, Mandali High School, Bholain Bazar High School and College and Shaktali High School. Cultural organisations Club 102, public library 1, playground 10 and theatre stage 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 40.63%, agricultural labourer 18.87%, commerce 9.03%, service 13.97%, transport 2.04%, wage labourer 2.66% and others 12.8%.
Land use Total cultivable land 39755.57 hectares; single crop 10%, double crop 60% and treble crop land 30%.
Cultivable land under irrigation 40%. Land control Among the peasants 10% are landless, 38% small, 42% intermediate and 10% rich; cultivable land per head 0.15 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk. 10000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, corn, mustard seed, brinjal, garlic and pulses. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, sesame, kaun, arahar, betel leaf and mulberry.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya, banana, pineapple, guava, watermelon, palm, bel (wood apple), kamranga and dalim.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 29, poultry 4 and hatchery 1.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 85 km, semi pucca 12 km and mud road 1065 km; railway 21.5 km.
Traditional transport PALANQUIN (extinct), bullock cart and horse carriage (nearly extinct) and boat.
Manufactories Rice mill 20, ice factory 4 and welding 67.
Cottage industries Goldsmith 20, bamboo work 130, blacksmith 80, wood work 204 and tailoring 305.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 23, most noted of which are Nangalkot, Omarganj, Charia, Boxganj, Dhalua, Bangudda, Makrabpur, Hesakhal and Dayemchadi; fairs 2 (Kali Bari Mela at Thanda and Lemma Mela).
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, ASA, Grameen Bank, Manab Kalyan, Bikalpa Sangshta.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 3, family planning centre 11.