Narail Sadar Upazila (Narail district) with an area of 381.76 sq km, is surrounded by Lohagara and Salikha upazilas on the north,Kalia and Abhaynagar upazilas on the south, Lohagara upazila on the east,Bagherpara and Jessore Sadar upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Nabaganga, Chitra and Bhairab; canals 11; Salua Beel is notable.
Narail (Town) stands on the bank of the Chitra river. It consists of 9 wards and 24 mahallas. The area of the town is 28.89 sq km. The town has a population of 36785; male 51.34%, female 48.66%; population density per sq km 1273. Literacy rate among the town people is 51.7%. The town has one rest house and one dakbungalow.
Administration Narail thana, now an upazila, was established in 1961. The upazila consists of one municipality, 9 wards, 13 union parishads, 204 mouzas and 228 villages.
Historical events During the War of Liberation the Pak army and the Razakars killed college student Mizanur Rahman of Machhimdia Village on 7 December 1971. In retaliation the freedom fighters attacked the Pak army camp on 9 December in which another student Motiar Rahman was killed. The freedom fighters attacked the Pak army from all sides and liberated Narail on 10 December 1971.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave 1 at Rupganj (premises of the Water Development Board).
Population 250725; male 51%, female 49%; Muslim 65.27%, Hindu 34.35%, Buddhist 0.01%, Christian 0.01% and ethnic nationals (Buno) 0.32%.
Religious institutions Mosque 275, temple 75, church 1, tomb 2 sacred place 2. Most noted religious institutions are goal Bathan Mosque, Rupganj Jami Mosque.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 36.4%; male 43.4% and female 29.2%.
Educational institutions: college 8, technical educational institution 1, high school 40, junior high school 18, madrasa 10, government primary school 98, non-government primary school 65, community school 6, satellite school 9, pre-cadet school 1.
Noted educational institutions: Narail Victoria Collegiate School (1857), Narail Victoria College (1886), Banshgram-Bishnupur High School (1932), Singia-Hatbalpur High School (1921), Parbati Bidyapith, Shahbad Majidia Aliya Madrasa (1950).
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Daily Ocean; Weekly Prantik, Narail Barta; fortnightly Kiran, Bhorer Alo. Cultural organisations Public library 2, cinema hall 1, women's organisation 2, theatre group 1 and literary society 1, opera party 3.
Main occupations Agriculture 53.39%, fishing 2.04%, agricultural labourer 18.18%, wage labourer 2.18%, industry 1.19%, commerce 8.08%, transport 2.7%, service 6.27% and others 5.97%.
Land use Total cultivable land 28998 hectares, fallow land 296 hectares; single crop 22.32%, double crop 58.48% and treble crop land 19.2%; land under irrigation 50%.
Land control Among the peasants 18% are landless, 23% marginal, 42% small, 12% intermediate and 5% rich.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk. 4000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, oil seed, pulses, betel leaf and vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Indigo, kaun, china, and mesta.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya, banana, black berry, coconut, guava and jamrul.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 110, fishery 129, dairy 35, hatchery 1.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 103 km, semi pucca 39 km and mud road 786 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories Textile mill 1, saw mill 20, ice factory 10, rice and flour mill 30, welding 30 and printing press 4.
Cottage industries Food and food work 175, bamboo, cane and wood work 263, goldsmith 70, blacksmith 20, potteries 40 and tailoring 210.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 28, most noted of which are Rupganj, Gobra, Singia, Tularampur, Mirzapur, Maijpara, Nakmi and Chalitatala; fairs 10, most noted of which are Sultan Mela, Nithinathtala Mela, Rupganj Mela and Hijal Danga Mela.
Main exports Betel leaf, papaya, date molasses and coconut.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, ASA, PROSHIKA, CARE, Comilla Prashika, CDS, Ashar Alo and Salvation Army.
Health centres District Sadar Hospital 1, satellite clinic 3, union health and family welfare centre 9.