Nawabganj Sadar Upazila (Nawabganj district) with an area of 451.80 sq km, is surrounded by Nachole and Shibganj (Nawabganj) upazilas on the north, West Bengal of India on the south, Tanore and Godagari on the east, Shibganj upazila on the west.
Main rivers areGanges, Mahananda and Pagla; depression 15, most noted of which are Banshbaria, Mahadanga and Azaipur Sankarbati Beels.
Nawabganj (Town) consists of 15 wards and 70 mahallas. It has an area of 46.26 sq km. Nawabganj Municipality was established in 1903. The town has a population of 153252; male 48.37% and female 51.63%; population density is 3313 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 41.2%. The town has two dakbungalows, one circuit house, one officers' club, one BDR Camp, one Mango Research Centre and one horticulture centre.
Administration Nawabganj thana was established in 1899 and was turned into an upazila in 1984. The upazila consists of 14 union parishads, 174 mouzas, 192 villages, 1 municipality and 15 wards.
Archaeological heritage Chanpai Jami Mosque (Alauddin Hussain Shah period) and Majhpara Gombuz (domed) Mosque.
Historical events Bir Srestha Captain Mohiuddin Jahangir was killed in a direct encounter with the Pak army at Rehaichar of Nawabganj town on 14 December 1971. The bridge on the river Mahananda has been named after him as Bir Srestha Mohiuddin Jahangir Bridge (1993). Marks of War of Liberation Memorial: Nawabganj Government College premise, main gate of Bangladesh Rifles (Chapai Nawabganj) and Nawabganj municipality compound.
Population 389524; male 50.38%, female 49.62%; Muslim 94.86%, Hindu 4.36% and others 0.78%; ethnic nationals: Santal.
Religious institutions Mosque 778, temple 20 and church 1.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 27.1%; male 31.7%, female 22.5%.
Educational institutions: government college 2, private college 15, government secondary school 2, private secondary school 57, junior high school 4, madrasa 24, government primary school 129, private primary school 78, satellite school 2, experimental school 2, PTI 1, vocational 1. Chandlai Government Primary School (1919), Harimohan Government High School (1895), Nawabganj Government College (1955), Nawabganj Alia Madrasa (1964), Nawabganj Government Mohila College (1966) are notable educational institutions. Newspapers and periodicals Chapai Sangbad, Mahananda, Sheemanta Kagaj, and Gaur Sangbad; extinct: Aalor Pathe (1962), Nawabganj Samoyikee (1964) Nawabganj Barta (1987), and Bir Barta (1995).
Cultural organisations Club 10, public library 5, rural club 84, theatre stage 2, children's organisations 4, shilpakala academy 1, cinema hall 4 and playground 20.
Main occupations Agriculture 27.43%, agricultural labourer 19.87%, wage labourer 6.46%, transport 1.8%, commerce 18.69%, service 6.24%, construction 5.77%, industry 1.52% and others 12.22%.
Land use Total cultivable land 34012 hectares, fallow land 600 hectares; single crop 26%, double crop 58% and triple crop land 16%; cultivable land under irrigation 55%.
Land control Among the peasants 15% are landless, 23% marginal, 27% small, 25% intermediate and 10% rich; cultivable land per head 0.09 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the first grade agricultural land is around Tk 6000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, black gram, wheat and sugarcane. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Koda, china (common millet), shama, maidda, and kaun (Italian millet).
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, litchi and papaya. Nawabganj is famous for mango, especially the Fazli variety. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 58, fishery 1, hatchery 1.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 130 km, semi pucca 45 km and mud road 335 km; waterways 17 nautical mile; railway 19.5 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage (nearly extinct) and rowing boats.
Manufactories Flourmill 3, ice factory 20, automatic rice mill 3, cement factory (under construction) 2 and cooker factory 1.
Cottage industries Weaving 55, bamboo work 35, goldsmith 120, nakshi kantha 83, blacksmith 26, potteries 47, wood work 293, tailoring 725, bidi (native cigarettes) 2, welding 30, cocoon production 55 and blanket production 10.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 20, most noted of which are Bat Tala, Notunhat, Maharajpur, Ramchandrapur and Gobartala; fairs 7.
Main exports Pan (betel-leaf), onion, garlic, tomato, patal and flour.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac,Proishika,Caritas, CARE, ASA, IDE (DASCO), TMSS and Nijera Kari, BARIO, BAIC, Samaj Unnayan Karmasangstha, BAIS, Trinamul, BAID, Proyas, Kolyani Mohila Sangstha, and Swanirvar Artho-Samajik Unnyan Sangstha.
Health centres Modern hospital 1, union clinic 2, TB hospital, diabetic association 1, mother and child welfare centre 1, satellite clinic 6, nurses training institute 1.