Netrokona Sadar Upazila (Netrokona district) with an area of 340.35 sq km, is surrounded by Durgapur (Netrokona) and Kalmakanda upazilas on the north, Kendua and Gauripur upazilas on the south, Barhatta and Atpara upazilas on the east, Purbadhala upazila on the west.
Main rivers are Kangsha, Dhala, Magra, Teorkhali.
Netrokona (Town) consists of 9 wards and 33 mahallas. It is a municipal town with an area of 13.63 sq km. The town has a population of 53853; male 51.22%, female 48.78%. The density of population is 3951 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 54.2%.
Administration Netrokona Sadar thana was established in 1874 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of 13 union parishads, 306 mouzas and 344 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Tomb of Hazrat Shah Sultan Qumruddin (R) at Madanpur.
Historical events During the War of Liberation a battle was fought between the Pak army and the freedom fighters led by Ashraf Ali Khan Khosru and Abu Siddique Ahmed. In the battle the Pak army was defeated and freedom fighters Abu Khan and Abdus Sattar were killed. The All India Peasant Conference was held on 8, 9, and 10 April 1945 at the Parar Playground of Netrokona.
Population 265643; male 51.36%, female 48.64%. Muslim 89.32%, Hindu 10.33%, and others 0.35%.
Religious institutions Mosque 309, temple 32, tomb 5.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 28.4%; male 34% and female 22.3%.
Educational institutions: college 4, homeo college 1, law college 1, polytechnic institute 1, primary training centre 1, high school 19, junior high school 12, madrasa 35, government primary school 94, non-government primary school 110, low cost school 8, satellite school 4, NGO operated school 101, kindergarten 8, experimental school.
Noted educational institutions: Datta High School (1881), Chandranath High School (1909), Anjuman High School (1914), Netrokona Girls' High School (1937).
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Daily Jananetra, Daily Banglar Darpan, Weekly Muktir Pratik; extinct: Dainik Netra.
Cultural organisations Rural club 60, playground 15, women's organisation 8, public library 2, drama stage 1, theatre group 10, opera party 8, literary society 4, community centre 12 cinema hall 2.
Main occupations Agriculture 46.65%, fishing 1.76%, agricultural labourer 18.75%, wage labourer 3.38%, transport 1.96%, commerce 10.35%, service 5.58% and others 11.57%.
Land use Cultivable land 33586.40 hectares; fallow land 1754.35 hectares; single crop 8%, double crop 72% and treble crop land 20%; land under irrigation 85%.
Land control Among the peasants 20% are landless, 22% small, 54% intermediate and 4% rich; cultivable land per head 0.13 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk. 7500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, mustard seed and corn. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Varieties of pulses and potato.
Main fruits Jackfruit, mango and black berry.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 14, dairy 8 and poultry 32.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 82.63 km, semi pucca 11.15 km and mud road 562 km; railways 17.6 km; waterways 15 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart and buffalo cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Flour mill 8, saw mill 45, ice factory 7 and printing press 12.
Cottage industries Goldsmith 32, wood work 82, blacksmith 22, tailoring 230, welding 22, potteries 19 and bidi factory 2.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 60, most noted of which are Thakurkona, Chuchua, Hautlhola, Shimulkandi, Challisha, Daxin Bisiura, Madanpur, Laxmipur, Amtala; fairs 3, Pos Mela at the Mazar of Hazrat Shah Sultan Qumruddin (R), Baul Mela at Netrokona Town are notable. Main exports Paddy and jute.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Swavalambi, Setu, Amra Jiban Mukhi, Sabos, BRAC, Proshika, ASA, Caritas, CPCD, SAS, Popy, Gonoshahajjo Sangstha, CDA and SPS.
Health centres Hospital 1, upazila health complex 3 and family planning centre 12.