Niamatpur Upazila (Naogaon district) with an area of 448.60 sq km, is surrounded by Porsha upazila on the north, Tanore and Nachole upazilas on the south, Manda and Mahadevpur upazilas on the east, Gomastapur and Nachole upazilas on the west.
Main River is Shiba.
Niamatpur (Town) consists of 9 wards and 12 mahallas. The area of the town is 3.01 sq km. It has a population of 17207; male 53.26%, female 46.74%. Literacy rate among the town people is 46.3%. It has two dakbungalows.
Administration Niamatpur thana, now an upazila, was established in 1918. It consists of 8 union parishads, 317 mouzas, 335 villages.
Historical events During the War of Liberation the Pakistan army made a surprise attack on village Tabicha in April and killed many people. They also looted and burnt the village.
Population 193197; male 50.37%, female 49.63%. Muslim 76.41%, Hindu 17.54%, tribals and others 6.05%; ethnic nationals: Santal.
Religious institutions Mosque 361, temple 24 and church 4.
Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 25.8%; male 33.2% and female 18.4%.
Educational institutions: college 2, secondary school 31, government primary school 72, non-government primary school 51.
Main occupations Agriculture 54.06%, agricultural labourer 32.7%, wage labourer 2.32%, commerce 4.02%, service 1.47%, others 5.43%.
Cultural organisations Public library 1, cinema hall 1, rural club 29, playground 105.
Land control Among the peasants, 36% are landless, 11% rich, 19% medium, 18% small and 34% marginal.
Land use Cultivable land 34412 hectares, fallow land 101 hectares; single crop 60%, double crop 35% and treble crop land 5%. Land under irrigation is 85%.
Value of land Market value of land of first grade is Tk. 12000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, potato, onion, watermelon and vegetables. Extinct crops kaun, khesari, arahar, sesame, linseed, vetch and musur.
Main fruits Mango, banana, jackfruit, litchi, guava, black berry (jam) and papaya.
Fisheries, poultries Fishery 4, poultry 2.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 28 km, mud road 225 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct) and boat .
Manufactories Ice factory 2.
Cottage industries Bamboo work 230, goldsmith 14, blacksmith 35, potteries 210, wood work 35, tailoring 145, welding 13, bakery 2 and printing press 2.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars is 12, fair 1.
Noted hats and bazars are Niamatpur, Kharibari, Battali, Chhatra, Gabtali, Shibpur, Hazinagar, Kapastia and Shangshole.
Main exports Rice, palm, molasses and paddy.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC. ASA, , CARITAS, TMSS
Health centares Upazila health complex 1, family planning centres 8 and satellite clinic 1.