Paba Upazila (Rajshahi district) with an area of 161.85 sq km, is surrounded by Mohanpur and Tanore upazilas on the north, West Bengal of India and Charghat upazila on the south, Puthia and Durgapur (Rajshahi) upazilas on the east, Godagari upazila on the west.
Rajpara, Boalia, Shah Mokdum and Matihar thanas of Rajshahi City Corporation are surrounded by this upazila. About 98% area of this upazila consists of Ganges alluvial soil and 2% Barind land.
Main rivers are Ganges, Shiba and Barnai; depressions 5, most noted of which is Karnahar Beel.
Paba (Town) consists of one mouza. Literacy rate among the town people is 60%.
Administration Paba thana, now an upazila, was established in 1949. It consists of seven union parishads, 108 mouzas and 261 villages. Archaeological heritage and relics Bagdhani Mosque, tomb of Hazrat Madan Shah Niamat Ullah Hussain (R), two ancient Buddhist Maths (Dev Para). Historical events As a consequence of the Darusa Riot (India), in which Muslims were killed, a riot was held at Hujuri Para (village Sarusa) in 1962. The Muslims in this riot afflicted many Hindus. During the War of Liberation the Pak army forced 27 youths to dig a mass grave and buried them all in it after killing them by firing at Sonaikandhi of Haripur Union. The Pak army made a surprised attack at the Police Camp of Bolanpur and killed all the police freedom fighters of the Camp and buried them at a brickfield. The freedom fighters destroyed a patrol vehicle of the Pak army by ambush on the Rajshahi-Nawabganj road nears Kasba Sugarcane Purchase Centre and killed 10/12 members of the Pak army. Besides, the Pak army established a camp at Hat Godagari of this upazila and tortured the nearby villagers.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave at Sonaikandhi; memorial monument at the playground of Naohata College.
Population 163470; male 53.62%, female 46.38%; Muslim 97.47%, Hindu 2.15% and others 0.38%. ethnic nationals are 300 Santal families.
Religious institutions Mosque 390, temple 3, church 2; noted religious institution: Bagdhani Mosque, Naohata Jami Mosque, Baroari Mandir at Kharkhari, Musorail Mandir at Narikel Baria.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 25.1%; male 30.7% and female 18.9%.
Educational institutions: college 9, agricultural college 1, high school 33, madrasa 12, government primary school 56, non-government primary school 25, kindergarten 1.
Noted educational institutions: Kharkhari Government Primary School (1885), Shitlai Government Primary School (1885), Naohata Government Primary School (1885), Baya Government Primary School (1887), Baragachha High School (1944), Maskatadia Buhumukhi Tecnical High School (1952).
Cultural organisations Rural club 28, cinema hall 5, women's organisation 64 and playground 70.
Main occupations Agriculture 33.38%, agricultural labourer 25.52%, wage labourer 5.01%, commerce 12.29%, service 9.20%, transport 4.03% and others 10.57%.
Land use Total cultivable land 15985.43 hectares; fallow land 12078.51 hectares; Barind tract 593.69 hectares; forestry 929.58 hectares; single crop 35%, double crop 45% and treble crop 20%; cultivable land under irrigation 8219.34 hectares.
Land control Among the peasants 26% are landless, 53% small, 18% intermediate and 3% rich; cultivable land per head 0.07 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 6500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, onion, potato, sugarcane and betel leaf. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, mustard seed, kaun and varieties of dal (pulse).
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, papaya and guava.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 48, dairy 39, fishery 14, hatchery 5. Communication facilities Roads: pucca 113 km, semi pucca 28 km and mud road 380 km; waterways 5 nautical mile; railways 10 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin, horses carriage. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Sugar mill 1, jute mill 1, cold storage 6, flour mill 20, ice factory 10, welding 45.
Cottage industries Weaving 50, bamboo work 150, goldsmith 30, blacksmith 40, potteries 150, wood work 90, tailoring 400, bidi 30.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 28, most noted of which are Naotata, Damkura, Katakhali Hat; fairs 1 (Naohata Krishi Mela).
Main exports Sugar, jute, paddy, betel leaf, potato, banana, papaya, and guava.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Proshika, Grameen Bank, CareTMSS, and ITCL.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 7, satellite clinic 67 and charitable dispensary 3.