Pabna Sadar Upazila (Pabna district) with an area of 443.90 sq km, is surrounded by Atgharia and Ishwardi upazilas on the north,Kushtia Sadar, Kumarkhali, Khoksha and Pangsha upazilas on the south, Santhia and Sujanagar upazilas on the east, Ishwardi upazila on the west.
Main rivers are ganges and Ichamati; noted depressions: Sonapatil Beel and Tarapasha Canal.
Pabna (Town) consists of 15 wards and 34 mahallas. The area of the town is 18.64 sq km. The town has a population of 116371; male 52.37%, female 47.63%. The density of population is 6243 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 60.1%. The only mental hospital (estd 1957) of Bangladesh is located in the town.
Administration Pabna thana, now an upazila, was established in 1872. The upazila consists of one municipality, 15 wards, 10 union parishads, 288 mouzas and 277 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Three domed Mosque at Bharara (1176 AH), 'Jor Bangala' or 'Jor Bangla' Mandir at Raghabpur (eighteenth century), Tarash Bhaban (revenue office of Zamindar Roy Bahadur Banamali Roy), Shitlai Bhaban (homestead of Zamindar Yogendranath Moitra), Zamindar Bari (house) of Dhulai, District Judge Court Building (1884).
Historical events A battle between the Pak army and the freedom fighters was fought on 29 March 1971 at the telephone exchange compound in which 22 members of the Pak army were killed.
Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave: Central Shaheed Minar (Gopalpur); memorial monument: Durjoy Pabna.
Population 431513; male 51.76%, female 48.24%; Muslim 97.10%, Hindu 2.85% and others 0.05%.
Religious institutions Mosque 609, temple 120, church 1 and sacred place 1, most noted of which Bharara Mosque, Jor Bangla Mandir and Satsangha Ashram.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 29.1%; male 32.2% and female 24.6%.
Educational institutions: college 4, high school 40, junior high school 11, madrasa 53, government primary school 125, non-government primary school 58, community school 2, kindergarten 21, cadet college 1, law college 1, government polytechnic college 1, government vocational training institute 1, textile institute 1, government commerce college 1, primary teacher's training institute 1, nursing training institute 1, homeopathic college 1, Sanskrit toll (Hemayetpur), music college 1.
Noted educational institutions: Pabna Edward College (1898), Pabna Zila School (1853), GC Institution (1894), RM Academy (1899), Government Girl's High School (1925), Polytechnic Institute (1891) and Aliya Madrasa (1925).
Cultural organisations Club 81, public library 6, mosque library 87, cinema hall 5, literary and cultural organisation 32, theatre stage 1, theatre group 13, community centre 1, shilpakala academy 1, voluntary organisation 203, women's organisation 84.
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Dailies: Uddag Bidhayani (1863); Weeklies: Pabna Darpan (1864), Bartabaha (1882), Bramar (1882-83), Usha (1882), Jostna (1900), Pabna-Bagura Hitoishi (1902), Suraj (1919), Rawshan Hedayet (1924), Palli Pradip, Shahshata Sangbad, Tarjamanul Hadith (1949), Manasi (1950), Pak Hitoishi, Amader Desh (1958), Pabna (1967), Prabaha (1968), Mehanati Kantha (1972); monthly: Arati (1924).
Main occupations Agriculture 25.27%, agricultural labourer 20.42%, wage labourer 5.43%, industrial labourer 2.07%, house building 2.33%, transport 4.61%, commerce 15.13%, service 11%, weaving 2.32% and others 11.42%.
Land use Total cultivable land 32168.35 hectares, fallow land 526.10 hectares; single crop 16.67%, double crop 33.30% and treble crop land 50.03%; land under irrigation 22.43%.
Land control Among the peasants 38.20% are landless, 27.45% marginal, 17.14% small, 12.23% intermediate and 4.98% rich; cultivable land per head 0.07 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 6500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, sugarcane, mustard, pulses and mulberry tree. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Barley, indigo, kaun, bhura, china and local variety of paddy.
Main fruits Mango, banana, litchi, lemon and papaya.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Dairy 48, fishery 13, poultry 328, hatchery 6.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 270 km, semi pucca 30 km, mud road 240 km; water ways 65 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage and bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Major manufactories include pharmaceutical co, biscuit factory, cotton mills, weaving factory, hosiery mill, rice and flour mill, ice factory, welding etc.
Cottage industries Weaving 5090, blacksmith 30, goldsmith 20, potteries 120, wood work 60.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 12, most noted are Dogachhi, Tebunia, Kashipur, Dubalia Bazar; noted fairs are Rathyatra Mela, Sadullahpur Beltala Mela and Hemayetpur Mela.
Main exports Hosiery good, cotton, cotton fabrics, paddy, pulses and vegetables.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are RDRS, ASA, BRAC, Proshika , Sopan, Sarnali Mohila Samiti, Pragati, Suchana and Assets.
Health centres Mental hospital 1, zila sadar hospital 1, upazila health complex 1, health & family planning centre 10, TB hospital 1, diabetic hospital 1, eye hospital 1, community hospital 1, maternity & child welfare centre 1, police hospital 1, railway hospital 1, private clinic 15, school health centre 1, municipal health centre 1, seba hospital 1, family health clinic 1 and satellite clinic 11.