Panchbibi Upazila (Joypurhat district) with an area of 278.53 sq km, is surrounded by Hakimpur and Ghoraghat upazilas and West Bengal of India on the north, Joypurhat Sadar upazila on the south, Gobindaganj and Kalai upazilas on the east, Joypurhat Sadar upazila and West Bengal of India on the west.
Main rivers are Little Jamuna, Tulshiganga and Harabati.
Panchbibi (Town) consists of 9 wards and 13 mahallas. The area of the town is 5.83 sq km. The town has a population of 20120; male 52.30%, female 47.70%. The density of population is 3451 per sq km. The literacy rate among the town people is 52.2%. The town has a dakbungalow.
Administration Panchbibi thana, now an upazila, was established in 1868. It consists of one municipality, 9 wards, 8 union parishads, 222 mouzas, 257 villages.
Archaeological relics and monuments Remnants of the Rajbairi at Atapur Union, tomb of Hazrat Abu Jafar Mohammad Nasiruddin Balkhi. Historical events During the War of Liberation, on 20 April 1971, the Pak army killed many people and set on fire many houses of Panchbibi Bazar. In a battle between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Ayasarasulpur Union twenty-four members of the Pak army were killed. In the first week of May 1971, two groups of freedom fighters, one led by commanding officer Abdul Hamid and the other led by Pradip Kar of Govindaganj attacked the Pak army patrolling in village Hajipur in which 9 Pak soldiers were Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave 3 (Gopalpur, Damdama, Balighata).
Population 193365; male 51.6%, female 48.94%; Muslim 83.78%, Hindu 10.98%, Tribals and others 5.24%; ethnic nationals: Santal, Sadri (Munda, Oraon), Koch, Mhato, Malo, Shing.
Religious institutions Mosque 298, temple 8, shrine 1, tomb 3, charge 1 most noted of which is Pathorghata Jami Mosque.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 30.6%; male 22.7%, female 22.7%.
Educational institutions: government college 1, non-government college 4, government high school 2, non-government high school 22, junior school 10, madrasa 28, government primary school 58, non-government primary school 28. technical institution 1.
Noted educational institutions: Panchbibi Government LLB High School (1924), Mahabbatpur Aminia Kamil Madrasa (1948). Newspapers and periodicals Balighata (weekly), Mahua (monthly).
Cultural organisations Club 17, public library 4, drama group 1, cinema hall 5, theatre 1, literary society 4, co operation group 306, women's organisation 70.
Main occupations Agriculture 51.58%, agricultural labourer 26.31%, commerce 8.8%, wage labourer 2.12%, service 3.51%, others 7.68%.
Land use Cultivable land 23166 hectares, fallow 4461 hectares; single crop 16%, double crop 67% and treble crop land 17%. Cultivable land under irrigation 62%.
Land control Among the peasants 42% are landless, 36% small, 20% intermediate and 2% rich; land per head 0.12 hectares.
Value of land The market value of first grade land is Tk 5000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, mustard seed, potato, patol, sugarcane, vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crop Cotton.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, litchi, pineapple, banana, papaya, black berry. Fisheries, poultries Fisheries 1, poultry 22, hatchery 3.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 82 km, semi paucca 35 km, mud road 614 km; waterways 7 nautical mile; railway 12 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage and bullock cart. These means of transport are extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Flower mill 1, ice factory 3.
Cottage industries Bamboo work 300, goldsmith 300, wood work 100, tailoring 200, blacksmith 45, potteries 20, welding 30.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 28, most noted of which are Panchbibi, Malpara, Shiltree, Dharunjee, Bagjana; fairs 3 (Mahipur, Bagjana, Mahish Mardan).
Main exports Jute and Leather.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, ASA, Caritas,Proshika. TMSS, ITCL, PTCL, Jacks, Sawnirvar Bangladesh.
Health centres Hospital 1, upazila health complex 1, union health centre 8.