Panchhari Upazila (Khagrachari district) with an area of 261.400 sq km, is surrounded by Indian State of Tripura on the north, Khagrachhari Sadar upazila on the south, Dighinala upazila on the east and Matiranga upazila on the west. 

Chingri River, Golakpratima Khal and Bhagaban Tila are also notable. 

Panchhari (Town) consists of one mouza. It has an area of 82.88 sq km. The town has a population of 11207; male 53.54% and female 46.46%; population density per sq km is 135. Literacy rate among the town people is 33.1%. The town has one dakbungalow. 

Administration Panchhari thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of 4 union parishads, 7 mouzas and 57 villages. 

Historical events In accordance with the Chittagong Hill Tracts Peace Accord the Shantibahini surrendered their last arms and ammunitions at Dudukchhara of Logang union of this upazila. The Shantibahini was declared abolished from here. 

Religious institutions Mosque 16, Buddhist temple 30 and Hindu temple 5. 

Population 26319; male 52.05%, female 47.95%; ethnic nationals: Tripura 5427 families. 

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 25.4%; male 32.7% and female 17.5%. 

Educational institutions: college 1, high school 4, government primary school 40 and non-government primary school 10. 

Cultural organisations Rural club 17, cinema hall 1, cooperative society 81, playground 7, theatre group 1. 

Main occupations Agriculture 31.5%, wage labourer 13.49%, agricultural labourer 15.85%, commerce 10%, service 7.36% and others 21.8%.

Land use Total cultivable land 5263 hectares, single crop 50.37%, double crop 34.14% and treble crop land 15.49%; cultivable land under irrigation 617 hectares. 

Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 14500 per 0.01 hectare. 

Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, corn, mustard, ginger, turmeric, chilli, brinjal and til. 

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, litchi, banana, papaya, pineapple and sugarcane. 

Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 10 and poultry 1. 

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 25 km, semi pucca 50 km and mud road 500 km. 

Traditional transport Bullock cart (nearly extinct) and boat. 

Manufactories Ice factory 2 and welding 3. 

Cottage industries Goldsmith 13, blacksmith 6, potteries 2, wood work 32 and sewing 26. Apart from these each tribal family weaves their own clothes. These are known as 'thami'. 

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars is 3; fair 1 (Bijoy). 

Main exports Wood, bamboo, ginger, turmeric, til, mustard, banana and jackfruit. 

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac and UNICEF. 

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 1, union health centre 3.