Pangsha Upazila (Rajbari district) with an area of 453.25 sq km, is surrounded by Sujanagar upazila on the north, Shailkupa, Sherpur(Magura) and Baliakandi upazilas on the south, Rajbari Sadar upazila on the east, Khoksa upazila on the west.
Main rivers are Ganges, Gorai, Chandana, and Chitra.
Pangsha (Town) consists of 9 wards and 20 mahallas. The area of the town is 16.34 sq km and population 25020; male 51.08% and female 48.92%. Literacy rate among the town people is 36.9%. The municipality was established in 1990.
Administration Pangsha thana was established in 1863 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of one municipality, 9 wards, 17 union parishads, 346 mouzas and 316 villages.
Archeological relics and monuments Rathkhola Shanmancha at Belghachi (18th century), Ferry Fund Road, Grand Trunk Road.
Historical events Bhairab Babu of Babupara union organised Indigo Resistance Movement in 1860.
The Khilafat Movement which started in 1920 was also spread widely in the area under the leadership of the eminent writer Yakub Ali Chowdhury.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass killing site 2 (on the bank of Chandana River adjacent to the Pangsha College and and at a place near the Kalukhali Station).
Population 317752; male 51.78% and female 48.22%; Muslim 89.12%, Hindu 10.4%, others 0.48%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 23.1%; male 28.9%, female 16.8%.
Educational institutions: private college 10, private high school 46, madrasa 19, government primary school 96, private primary school 83, satellite school 13, community school 6, vocational training centre 3.
Noted among these are the Pangsha College (1969), Pangsha George High School (1916) and Ratandia Rajanikanta High School (1920).
Cultural organisations Jubo Maitri Sangha (1972), Udayan Club (1977), Shilpakala Academy (1986), Yakub Ali Sahitya Parishad (1986), Rishies Shilpagoshthi (1980).
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Weekly Pangsha Barta and Weekly Padma. extinct: Kohinoor (1898), Chandana (1972), Nayebe Rasul (1942), Kangal (1925), Proticchabi (1973).
Main occupations Agriculture 43.7%, fishing 1.24%, agricultural labourer 28.9%, wage labourer 2.57%, weaving 1.56%, business 8.95%, service 3.89%, others 9.19%.
Land use Cultivable land 42202 hectare; single crop 19%, double crop 59%, treble crop 22%.
Value of land Market value of land of first grade is approximately Tk 2500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, sugarcane, onion, betel leaf, oil seeds.Extinct and nearly extinct crops Aman and aush paddy.
Main fruits Watermelon, mango.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Dairy and poultry 135, fishery 29, hatchery 2. Communication facilities Roads: pucca 10 km, mud road 440 km; railway 26 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage (nearly extinct). Manufactories Rice mill, sugarcane crashing units, ice factory.
Cottage industries Loom, molasses making, goldsmith, potteries, tailoring, wood word, etc.
Hats, bazars and fairs Main hats: Kalukhali, Bagduli and Pangsha; Habashpur and Shashanbari Melas are notable.
Main exports Jute, molasses, onion, betel leaf.
NGOs activities Brac, ASA, Karmajibi Kalyan Sangstha, Swakarma Sangstha.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health centre 9, family planning centre 8.