Phulbari Upazila (Kurigram district) with an area of 163.63 sq km, is surrounded by West Bengal of India on the north,Kurigram Sadar, Rajarhat, and Lalmonirhat upazilas on the south, Nageswari upazila on the east and Lalmonirhat Sadar upazila on the west. 

Main rivers are Dharla and Nilkamol. 

Phulbari (Town) consists of one mouzas. It has an area of 8.74 sq km. The town has a population of 9775; male 50.13% and female 49.87%; population density per sq km 1118. Literacy rate among the town people is 26.7%. The town has one dakbungalow.

Administration Phulbari thana, now an upazila, was established in 1914. The upazila consists of 6 union parishads, 50 mouzas, 165 villages and 3 enclaves.

Archaeological heritage and relics Abandoned Zamindar Bari and Mandir at Naodanga.

Population 129668; male 50.59%, female 49.51%; Muslim 87.7%, Hindu 11.8% and others 0.5%.

Religious institutions Mosque 261 and temple 11. 

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 24%; male 33% and female 18.8%. 

Educational institutions: Degree college 1, intermediate college 4, high school 24, madrasa 12, government primary school 54, non-government primary school 75, kindergarten 1. 

Noted educational institutions: Naodanga High School (1919) and Jasimia High School (1938). Cultural organisations Club 11, cinema hall 1, public library 1.

Main occupations Agriculture 45.86%, agricultural labourer 31.65%, wage labourer 4.46%, commerce 6.78%, service 2.60% and others 8.65%.

Land use Total cultivable land 13266.29 hectares, fallow land 222.58 hectares; single crop 12%, double crop 77% and treble crop land 11%. Cultivable land under irrigation 19%.

Land control Among the peasants, 45% are landless, 30% small, 18% intermediate and 7% rich; cultivable land per head 0.05 hectare.

Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 6000 per 0.01 hectare.

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, kaun, potato, mustard seed, onion, garlic, karalla, patol, brinjal, betel leaf. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Indigo, dhemsi, china and aus paddy.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, black berry, litchi, papaya, betel nut, natko, kamranga.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 15 km, semi pucca 11 km and mud road 675 km; waterways 2 nautical mile.

Traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart and horse carriage. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.

Manufactories Rice mill 7, flour mill 2, welding 3, ice factory 3.Cottage industries Bamboo work 20, goldsmith 12, blacksmith 15, potteries 25, wood work 30, tailoring 35.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 14, most noted of which are Phulbari, Kharibari, Balahat, Naodanga and Kashipur. 

Main exports Jute, paddy, papaya, karalla, onion, garlic, betel leaf, betel nut.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, RDRS, Chhinnamukul, Solidarity, etc. 

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning clinic 5.