Pirgachha Upazila (Rangpur district) with an area of 265.32 sq km, is surrounded by Kaunia and Rajarhat upazilas on the north, Sundarganj upazila on the south,Ulipur and Sundarganj upazilas on the east, Rangpur Sadar and Mkithapukur upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Tista and Ghagat; Kholar Dore, Paglarkura, Tachhibhanga and Hardanga Beels and Devi Chowdhurani Dighi are notable.
Pirgachha (Town) consists of 5 mouzas. It has an area of 14.29 sq km. The town has a population of 19864; male 51.38%, female 48.62%. The density of population is 1390 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 28.8%.
Administration Pirgachha thana was established in 1873 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of 9 union parishads, 170 mouzas and 189 villages.Population 256573; male 50.59%, female 49.41%; Muslim 95.67%, Hindu 3.79% and Christian 0.24%.
Religious institutions Mosque 452, temple 13, church 1, tomb 7 and sacred place 5.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 21.5%; male 28.8% and female 14%.
Educational institutions: college 3, high school 23, junior high school 5, madrasa 33, primary school 85. Noted educational institutions: Annada Nagar School, Devi Chowdhurani School and Kashiabari School.
Cultural organisations Rural club 29, public library 8, cinema hall 3, theatre group 1, women's organisation 3 and playground 23.
Main occupations Agriculture 45.22%, agricultural labourer 30.82%, wage labourer 2.5%, commerce 7.44%, service 2.81% and others 11.21%.
Land use Total cultivable land 11157 hectares; fallow land 1240 hectares; single crop 15%, double crop 70% and treble crop land 15%; land under irrigation 90%.
Land control Among the peasants, 38% are landless, 32% small, 24% intermediate and 6% rich; cultivable land per head 0.18 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 7500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, onion, garlic, ground nut, mustard seed, chilli, brinjal, patal, sugarcane, betel leaf. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, kaun, corn and arahar.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, black berry, papaya, litchi, pineapple, betel nut and banana.
Fisheries, poultries Poultry 13, fishery 23.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 73 km, semi pucca 27; railway 17.5 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), bullock cart (nearly extinct) and boat.
Manufactories Flour mill 9, printing press 3, rice mill 57, chira mill 5, ice cream factory 3, biscuit factory 15 and welding 17.
Cottage industries Bamboo work 183, weaving 13, goldsmith 41, blacksmith 83, potteries 203, tailoring 305.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 26, most noted of which are Pirgachha, Paotana, Annada Nagar, Satdargah, Kaliganj, Baradargah, Parul, Nek-Mamud, Tambulpur, Kaikuri, Kandi and Nayar Hat; fairs 5 (Thanbar, Pagla Kura, Chandipur, Baruni Mela at Kandir and Bura Ghazir Mela). Main exports Paddy, jute, sugarcane, potato, ground nut, banana, onion and garlic.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, ASA, TMSS, RDRS,Seba. Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 9, satellite clinic 4.