Pirganj Upazila (Rangpur district) with an area of 409.37 sq km, is surrounded by Mithapukur upazila on the north,Palashbari,Ghoraghat and Nawabganj,(Dinajpur) upazilas on the south, Sadullapur upazila on the east and Mithapukur, Nawabganj (Dinajpur) and Ghoraghat upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Karatoya, Jamuneshwari, Akhira. Pirganj is called the upazila of beels most noted of which are Angrar Beel, Dariar Beel, and Chaitrakol Beel. Forest area 5.88 sq km.
Pirganj (Town) consists of three mouzas. It has an area of 3.21 sq km. The town has a population of 6260; male 52.54%, female 47.46%. The density of population is 1950 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 42.2%.
Administration Pirganj thana, now an upazila, was established in 1910. The upazila consists of 15 union parishads, 308 mouzas and 331 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Roypur Zamindar Bari, remnants of the palace of Raja Nilambar at Patgram, tomb of Shah Ismail Ghazi.
Historical events During the War of Liberation the local people destroyed the Angrar Bridge on the Dhaka-Rangpur Highway near the Upazila. As retaliation the Pak army plundered and set on fire villages like Jelepara, Ujirpur and Madarganj Hat. Direct encounters were held at different places between the Pak army and the freedom fighters aided by the allied forces.
Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave: Angrar Bridge and Madarganj Hat.
Population 303384; male 50.72%, female 49.28%; Muslim 91.49%, Hindu 6.75% and others 1.76%; ethnic nationals: Santal (1448 families).
Religious institutions Mosque 520, temple 130, church 6, tomb 8, most noted of which are Khalashpur Jami Mosque, Hatibandha Mosque, Roypur Zamindar Bari Mandir.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 26.5%; male 33.4% and female 19.4%.
Educational institutions: college 7, high school 49, madrasa 81, government primary school 113, non-government primary school 112.
Noted educational institutions: Kadirabad High School (1916), Chawk Karim Primary School (1926) and Roypur High School (1931).
Cultural organisations Rural club70, public library 1, cinema hall 3, theatre group 2, branch office of Biswa Sahitya Kendra 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 50.15%, agricultural labourer 28.73%, wage labourer 2.17%, commerce 6.29%, service 2.66%, transport 1.43% and others 8.57%.
Land use Total cultivable land 28794.82 hectares, fallow land 8407.2 hectares; single crop land 18%, double crop 73% and treble crop land 9%; land under irrigation 58%.
Land control Among the peasants 25% are landless, 47% small, 23% intermediate and 5% rich; cultivable land per head 0.12 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 3200 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, mustard seed, chilli, sugarcane and vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute, aus paddy and arahar.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, black berry, papaya, litchi and banana. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 25, dairy 18, fishery (nursery) 5.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 140 km and mud road 440 km. Traditional transport PALANQUIN (extinct), bullock cart (nearly extinct) and boat.
Manufactories Husking mill 30, saw mill 21, oil mill 1 and welding 17.
Cottage industries Bamboo work 10, goldsmith 71, blacksmith 91, potteries 105, tailoring 120, wood work 70; cocoon produced by female labour.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 27, most noted of which are Khalashpir, Bhendabari, Motherganj, Chatra, Shanerhat, Tukuria, Colony Bazar, Kadirabad Bazar, Balua, Pirganj Bazar; fairs 3 (Bhendabari Mela, Phulbari Mela and Muharram Mela at Bara Dargah).
Main exports Paddy, sugarcane molasses, potato, banana and vegetables.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Grameen Bank, Grameen Krishi Foundation and HEED Bangladesh.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 12, union health centre 15 and charitable dispensary 7.