Pirganj Upazila (Thakurgaon district) with an area of 353.30 sq km, is surrounded by Thakurgaon Sadar upazila on the north, West Bengal of India on the south, Pirganj and Bochaganj upazilas on the east, Ranisankail upazila and West Bengal (India) on the west. 

Main river of the upazila is Tangon. 

Pirganj (Town) a municipal town, consists of 9 wards and 9 mahallas. It has an area of 20.37 sq km. The Municipality has a population of 23692; male 51.24%, female 48.76%; population density per sq km 1163. Literacy rate among the town people is 58.5%. 

Administration Pirganj thana, now an upazila, was established in 1870. The upazila consists of one municipality, 9 wards, 10 union parishads, 172 mouzas and 175 villages. 

Archaeological heritage and relics Tomb of Pir Sheikh Sirajuddin (R), temple at village Dhemtia. 

Historical events Tebhaga Movement spread over the upazila under the leadership of Haji Danesh. During the War of Liberation the Pak army conducted mass killing in the area. 

Population 183292; male 51.69%, female 48.31%; Muslim 69.70%; Hindu 29.45% and others 1.38%; ethnic nationals: Santal 537 families. 

Religious institutions Mosque 302, temple 103, church 1, tomb 1. 

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 29.3%; male 38.9% and female 18.9%. 

Educational institutions: college 5, high school 52, junior high school 12, government primary school 77, non-government primary school 88, kindergarten 2. 

Noted educational institutions: Pirganj Pilot High School (1907), Jafarhat High School (1960), Pirganj Degree College (1964).

Cultural organisations Rural club 58, public library 1, cinema hall 2, theatre group 2, co operative society 229, auditorium 2 and playground 38. 

Main occupations Agriculture 53.2%, agricultural labourer 27.94%, wage labourer 2.10%, commerce 8.03%, service 3.09% and others 5.64%. 

Land use Total cultivable land 31491.37 hectares, fallow land 3819.23; single crop 32%, double crop 57% and treble crop11%; cultivable land under irrigation 73%. 

Land control Among the peasants 3.5% are landless, 18% marginal, 14% small, 60% intermediate and 4.5% rich; cultivable land per head 0.17 hectare. 

Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 3500 per 0.01 hectare. 

Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, patal, brinjal and vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute and aus paddy. 

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya, guava, watermelon and banana. Dairies, poultries Poultry 23, dairy 30. 

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 51 km, semi pucca 8 km, mud road 533 km; railways 12 km. 

Traditional transport Palanquin and bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct. 

Manufactories Semi auto rice mill 1, husking mill 80, oil mill 7, saw mill 10, welding 21. 

Cottage industries Bamboo work 200, jute work 120, goldsmith 38, blacksmith 40, potteries 30, wood work 150 and tailoring 250, embroidery work 10. 

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 57, most noted of which are Nasibganj, Jafarhat and Pirganj College Hat. 

Main exports Paddy, rice and vegetables. 

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Grameen Bank, Proshika, Grameen Krishi Foundation, CDA, World View. 

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family welfare centre 10, health centre 2 and maternity centre 30.