Porsha Upazila (Naogaon district) with an area of 252.83 sq km, is surrounded by Sapahar upazila on the north,Gomastapur,and Niamatpur upazilas on the south,Patnitala and Mahadebpur upazilas on the east, West Bengal on the west.
It is a part of Barind tract and characterised physically by the Punarbhava River and Rukanpur Beel.
The river Shiba has created the eastern boundary of this upazila.
Porsha (Town) consists of three mouzas with an area of 3.97 sq km. It has a population of 7743; male 51.66%, female 48.34%. Density of population is 1950 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 24.4%.
Administration Porsha thana was established in 1933 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of six union parishads, 244 villages and 155 mouzas.
Population 97279; male 50.18% and female 49.82%; Muslim 84.84%, Hindu 11.40%, Christian 0.59%, Buddhist 0.06% and others 1.67%; ethnic nationals: Kurmi, Munda, Pahan Mura and Mal.
Religious institutions Mosque 268, temple 41, church 1.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 7.8%; male 12.2% and female 3.6%.
Educational institutions: college 2, vocational institute 1, secondary school 22, madrasa 24, primary school 86, satellite school 3 and community school 5.
Cultural organisations Public library 1, rural club 89, rural library 18, cinema hall 1, literary association 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 48.27%, agricultural labourer 29.01%, wage labourer 3.28%, commerce 5.2%, service 3.6%, others 10.64%.
Land use Total agricultural land 25303 hectares; single crop 67%, double crop 28% and treble crop land 5%. Land under irrigation 36%.
Land control Among peasants 20% are landless, 14% small and marginal, 30% medium and 36% rich. Value of Land The market value of land of first grade is Tk 2500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, mustard seed. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Local variety of paddy.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, litchi, watermelon.Dairy and poultry farm Dairy 1, poultry 11.
Communications facilities Roads: pucca 27 km, semi pucca 19 km and mud road 229 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin and bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Automatic rice mill 11, flour mill 2 and ice factory 3.
Cottage industries Bamboo work 215, goldsmith 27, blacksmith 112, potteries 243, wood work 256, welding 16, sewing machine 210.Main hats, bazars and fairs Notable hats and bazars are Porsha, Nitpur Bazar; fairs Ganguria, Rohanpur and Guripukur.
Main export Paddy, wheat, bamboo products.
NGO activities Operating important NGOs are BRAC. ASA, PROSHIKA, GRAMEEN BANK, CARITAS, CARE and Barendra Prakalpa.
Health centres Upazila health complex centre 1, family welfare centre 3.