Puthia Upazila (Rajshahi district) with an area of 192.64 sq km, is surrounded by Durgapur (Rajshahi) and baghmara upazilas on the north, Cgharghat and Baghatipara upazilas on the south, Natore Sadar upazila on the east,Paba upazila on the west.
Puthia (Town) consists of three mouzas. The area of the town is 4.52 sq km. The town has a population of 6558; male 52.81% and female 47.19%; population density per sq km is 1450. Literacy rate among the town people is 48%.
Administration Puthia thana was established in 1869 and was turned into an upazila in 1984. It consists of six union parishads, 128 mouzas and 183 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Rajbari, Govinda Mandir, Shiva Mandir, Gopal Mandir, and Dolmancha Hawakhana at Tarapur.
Historical events As a result of the defeat of Afghan Jagirdar Laskar Khan in the hands of the Mughal Commander Mansingh in the sixteenth century, Pitambara, son of Bathsacharya (Bhrahman) received the jaigir. After the death of Pitambar his brother Nilambar received the title of Raja and from that time on ward the dynasty became famous. This dynasty is known to be the earliest zamindar of Rajshahi.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave at Biharipara (Biraldaha).
Population 149405; male 50.9%, female 49.1%; Muslim 91%, Hindu 6.5%, Christian 0.27% and others 2.23%; ethnic nationals 32 Santal families.
Religious institutions Mosque 388, temple 18, church 9, tomb 1; noted religious institutions: Biraldaha Mosque, Naohata Jami Mosque and tomb of Hazrat Karam Ali Shah at Biraldaha.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 25.5%; male 32.6% and female 18%.
Educational institutions: college 11, high school 31, madrasa 11, technical high school 1, government primary school 51, non-government primary school 28, community school 4.
Noted educational institutions: PN Technical High School (1865), Dhokrakul High School (1949), Baneshwar College (1964).
Cultural organisations Club 41, library 4, literary society 1, cinema hall 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 42.18%, agricultural labourer 28.65%, wage labourer 2.50%, commerce 11.27%, service 4.55%, transport 2.69% and others 8.16%.
Land use Total cultivable land 16570.26 hectares; fallow land 140.02 hectares; single crop 35%, double crop 46% and treble crop land 19%; cultivable land under irrigation 57%.
Land control Among the peasants 23% are landless, 22% marginal, 30% small, 20% intermediate and 5% rich.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 7500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, onion, garlic, potato, sugarcane and chilli.Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, indigo, sweet potato, mustard seed, kaun and aus paddy.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, papaya, litchi, coconut and palm.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 18, fishery 14, hatchery 2.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 67 km and mud road 645 km; railway 7 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories Rice mill 16, ice factory 2, saw mill 2, printing press 2, battery manufacturing 10 and welding 25.
Cottage industries Bamboo work 250, goldsmith 45, blacksmith 42, potteries 10, wood work 326, tailoring 250.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 24, most noted of which are Zalmalia and Baneshwar Hat; fairs 1 (Rath Mela at Putia Rajbari).
Main exports Paddy, jute, potato, onion, garlic, date molasses, sugarcane molasses, mango, jackfruit, banana, papaya.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Proshika, Grameen Bank, Care,TMSS, Rangdhanu, Karbala and Palli Karmasangstha.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 6, satellite clinic 1.