Raipur Upazila (Laksmipur district) with an area of 201.32 sq km, is surrounded by the Faridganj and Ramganj upazilas on the north, Laksmipur Sadar and Mehendiganj upazilas on the south, Lakshmipur Sadar upazila on the east, Hizla and Haimchar upazilas and the Meghna (lower) river on the west.
Main rivers are Meghna and Dakatia.
Raipur (Town) a municipal town, consists of 9 wards and 15 mahallas. The area of the town is 9.5 sq km. It has a population of 25532; male 50.73%, female 49.27%. The density of population is 2688 per sq km. There are one dakbunglow.
Administration Raipur thana was constituted in 1877 and was transformed into an upazila in 1983. It consists of one municipality, 7 union parishads, 49 mouzas and 82 villages.
Archaeological heritage Three domed Jinn's Mosque (18th century) at village Kerwa, Bara Mosque.
Marks of War of Liberation Memorial monument in front of the Upazila Parisad auditorium.
Population 213573; male 51%, female 49%; Muslim 90.7%, Hindu 5.15%, others 4.15%.
Religious institutions Mosque 308, temple 9, dargah 1, mazar 5.
Notable religious institutions: Raipur Bara Mosque, Jinns' Mosque, Pirbari Mosque, Dargah of Bara Mian Saheb.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 34.6%; male 40.1%, female 28.9%.
Educational institutions: college (government) 1, (non-government) 1, high school 25, madrasa 14, primary school (government) 84, (non-government) 16, satellite school 15. Old institutions: Raipur Aliya Madrasa (1886), L.M. Pilot High School (1911), North Kerwa Government Primary School (1895).
Newspapers and periodicals Fortnightly Abasar, Monthly Dakatia, Quarterly Raipur Darpan (1998), Weekly Rojnamcha (defunct).
Cultural organisations Club 1, public library 1, society and organisation 78, women's association 53, press club 1, music school 1, theatre group 1, cinema hall 2.
Main occupations Agriculture 38.58%, fishing 2.95%, agricultural labourer 19.3%, commerce 10.94%, service 10.5%, transport 2.07%, wage labourer 2.26%, construction 1.28%, others 12.12%.
Land use Cultivable land 12545 hectares, fallow land 171 hectares; single crop 8%, double crop 80% and triple crop land 12%. Cultivable land under irrigation 54%.
Land control Among the peasants, 3% are landless, 60% marginal, 30% small peasant, 6% intermediate, 1% rich; cultivable land per head 0.058 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the first grade arable land is Tk. 19000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, sugarcane, mustard, potato, chilli, soybean, maize. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Kaun, joar, sesame, linseed, khesari.
Dairies, fisheries and poultries Fishery 8, dairy 14, poultry 72, fish hatchery 1.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 40 km, semi pucca 38 km and mud road 247 km.
Traditional transport Bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat, palanquin (extinct).
Manufactories Textile mill 1, flour mill 4, ice mill 8, fibre processing mill 1, bidi factory 3. welding 25.
Hats bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 23, most noted of which are Raipur bazar, Haiderganj bazar, Khaser hat, Rakhalia hat.
Main exports Coconut, betel nut, soybean, chilli, maize.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac. ASA, Proshika, Grameen Bank, Care, , DORP, CODEC, Gana Unnayan Sangstha, Triveni Mahila Unnayan Sangstha, BCSPD.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 2, family planning centre 6.