Ramgarh Upazila (Khagrachhari district) with an area of 207.69 sq km, is surrounded by Indian State of Tripura and Matiranga upazila on the north, Manikchari and Laksmichhari upazilas on the south, Mahalchhari upazila on the east and Fatikchhhari upazila on the west.
Forests, hills and tilas cover a substantial portion out of the upazila.
Ramgarh (Town) consists of two mouzas. It has an area of 64.75 sq km. The town has a population of 23856; male 53.42% and female 46.58%; population density per sq km 368. Literacy rate among the town people is 36%. The town has three dakbungalows.
Administration Ramgarh thana was established in 1905 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of 3 union parishads, 11 mouzas and 82 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Mohamuni Buddhist monastery (built by the Mun Dynasty), SDO bungalow.
Historical events The present Bangladesh Rifles were formed on 21st June 1795 at Ramgarh in the name of 'Ramgarh Local Battalion'. The first training camp of the Mukti Fouj was also established at Ramgarh in 1971. Captain Aftabul Kader, Bir Uttam, were killed in a battle with the Pakistan army at Mahalchhari sector.
Marks of the War of Liberation Memorial monument: 'Sharthok a Janmo'.
Religious institutions Mosque 42, Buddhist monastery and Keyang 22, Hindu temple 11 and Church 1, most noted of which are Ramgarh Central Jami Mosque, Mohamuni Buddhist Monastery and Ramgarh Dhakkeneswari Kalibari.
Population 44217; male 53.01%, female 46.99%; Muslim 64.37%, Hindu 13.93%, Buddhist 21.21% and others 0.49%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 29.1%; male 38.9% and female 17.8%.
Educational institutions: college 1, government high school 1, non-government girl's high school 1, junior high school 5, madrasa 4, government primary school 41, non-government primary school 11, community primary school 3, and satellite school 3.
Noted institutions: Ramgarh Government High School (1952) and Ramgarh Girl's High School (1964).
Cultural organisations Public library 1, press club 1, officers club 1, ladies' club 1, stadium 1 and playground 5.
Main occupations Agriculture 33.14%, agricultural labourer 19.57%, wage labourer 8.09%, commerce 10%, services 10.91%, wood cutter 3% and others 15.29%.
Land use Total cultivable land 3224.40 hectares; fallow land 283.29 hectares; single crop 54.26%, double crop 33.83% and treble crop land 11.91%; forest 1854.55 hectares.
Land control Among the peasants, 11.35% are landless, 35.90% small, 23.65% intermediate, 5.45% rich and 23.65% marginal; cultivable land per head 0.07%.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk. 6000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, sweet potato, chara kachu (varieties of arum), aubergine, tomato, chilli, ginger, turmeric. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sugarcane, til (the seeds of which yield a fine oil), kaun (Italian millet), mastered, local varieties of paddy.
Main fruits Jackfruit, litchi, banana, pineapple, lemon, jambura (shaddock), mango and sugarcane.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 7, dairy 2, poultry 15 and hatchery (fish) 1.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 12.5 km, semi pucca 11.5 km and mud road 165 km.
Traditional transport Bullock cart and buffalo cart (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories Intoxicating drink (wine) factory 1, sawmill 7, paddy mill 12, plywood factory 2, ice factory 1.
Cottage industries Handloom 2, sewing 1, goldsmith 11, blacksmith 10, wood work 35 and welding 4.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 7, most noted of which are Ramgarh and Sonaipool Bazars; fairs 2 (Baruni Mela and Mohamuni Mela).
Main exports Jackfruit, lemon, sweet potato, banana, paddy, wood and bamboo.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, and IDF.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, health and family welfare centre 2 and Islamic mission health centre 1.