Ramgati Upazila (Laksmipur district) with an area of 570.55 sq km, is surrounded by Laksmipur Sadar upazila on the north,Hatiya upazila on the south,Noakhali upazila on the east, Daulatkhan and Tazumuddin upazilas on the west. Main rivers are the Meghna, Katakhali, Bhulua and Jalsia.
Ramgati (Town) consists of 2 mouzas. The area of the town is 71.64 sq km. The town has a population of 56455; male 51.98%, female 48.02%. The density of population is 788 per sq km. The literacy rate among the town people is 27.4%. There are two dakbungalows in the town.
Administration Ramgati Thana was constituted in 1862 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of 12 union parishads, 54 mouzas and 69 villages.
Archaeological heritage Rani Bhabani Kamada Math.
Historical events The devastating tornado and tidal bore of 11 November 1970 caused a death toll of more than one lakh people, several lakhs of livestock and damage of huge property. During the liberation war in 1971 a battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army near Zamidar-hat resulting in the death of 17 members of Pak army including a number of Razakars.
Population 335243; male 51.57%, female 48.43%; Muslim 92.83%, Hindu 7.14%, others 0.3%.
Religious institutions Mosque 420, temple 12, mazar 6, ashram 1, Hindu sacred place 1.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 19.75%; male 24.7%, female 14.8%.
Educational institutions: college (government) 1, (non-government) 3, high school 27, madrasa 46, primary school (government.) 91, (non-government) 54. Old institutions: Char Laurence Khaser Hat Primary School (1913), Ramgati B B K Pilot Ideal High School (1933).
Newspapers and periodicals Ramgati Darpan (periodical).
Cultural organisations Club and organisation 57, women's association 62, theatre group 3, cinema hall 4.
Main occupations Agriculture 42.59%, fishing 6.12%, agricultural labourer 22.91%, wage labourer 3.5%, commerce 9.45%, service 3.35%, others 12.08%.
Land use Cultivable land 54714 hectares, fallow land 100 hectares; single crop 22.93%, double crop 55.47% and triple crop land 21.6%. Cultivable land under irrigation 0.36%.
Land control Among the peasants, 45% are landless, 29% small, 16% intermediate, 10% rich; cultivable land per head 0.163 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the first grade arable land is Tk 9880 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, pepper, soybean, ground nut, chilli.Extinct and nearly extinct crops Kaun, barley, jute.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, guava, coconut, betel nut.Fisheries and poultries Fishery 50, poultry 26.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 73 km, semi pucca 20 km and mud road 80 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), bullock cart (nearly extinct), country boat.
Manufactories Ice factory 12, saw mill 25, bidi factory 1, ice cream factory 4.
Cottage industries Bamboo work 130, wood work 51, tailoring 130, goldsmith 57, blacksmith 65.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 44, most noted of which are Alexandar hat, Hazir hat, Torabganj hat, Ramgati hat, Karunanagar hat, Char Laurence hat, Zamindar hat, Bibir hat, Karaitala hat; fair 1 (Alexander Bura Kartar mela).
Main exports Hilsa fish, shrimp, paddy, ground nut, soybean, chilli.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac. ASA, , Grameen Bank, CODEC, (local) USAP, Palli Mahila Unnayan Sangstha, DORP Social Institute.
Health centres Hospital 2, upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 2, family planning centre 9, pathological laboratory 1.