Raumari Upazila (Kurigram district) with an area of 197.80 sq km, is surrounded by Ulipur upazila on the north, Char Rajibpur upazila on the south, Assam State of India on the east, Char Rajibpur, Chilmari and Ulipur upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Brahmaputra Jhingiram and Halhali (previous name Sonabhari); Madaidanga and Bheramara Beels are notable.
Raumari (Town) stands 86 km to the southwest of Kurigram Sadar. It consists of 2 mouzas. It has an area of 17.78 sq km. The town has a population of 16871; male 50.62% and female 49.38%; population density per sq km 849. Literacy rate among the town people is 38.8%. The town has one dakbunglow.
Administration Raumari thana, now an upazila, was established in 1908. The upazila consists of 5 union parishads, 29 mouzas and 193 villages.
Historical events On the eve of the partition of India in 1947, Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhasani and Abul Kashem Mia of Mankachar established Pakistan Kella. They united local youths and formed a Militia at Baraibari of Raumari upazila (near the border of Assam) in support of including Goalpara district of Assam (Muslim majority area) in Pakistan. They constructed a stage there and assembled people from nearby locality with five feet long bamboo sticks. Bhasani delivered speeches for seven days from this stage. During the War of Liberation Raumari was a liberated area. Major Ziaur Rahman Commander of sector 11), Col. Taher and Wing Commander Hamidullah Khan directed guerrilla war from this area in phases. Freedom fighters getting training from Raumari conducted armed operations to Chilmari, Ulipur and Gaibandha district.
Population 137040; male 49.34%, female 50.66%. Muslim 99.09% and others 0.91%.
Religious institutions Mosque 135, temple 4.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 16.5%; male 23.3% and female 10%.
Educational institutions: college 6, high school 13, madrasa 35, government primary school 39, non-government primary school 50, community school 11, satellite school 9.
Noted educational institutions: Raumari Government Primary School (1898), Raumari Keramatia Model Senior Madrasa (1937), Jadurchar High School (1946), Raumari CG Jaman High School (1949).
Cultural organisations Cinema hall 4, public library 2, theatre organisation 1.
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Extinct: Agradut.
Main occupations Agriculture 50.77%, agricultural labourer 30.76%, wage labourer 2.44%, commerce 4.89%, service 2.29% and others 8.85%.
Land use Total cultivable land 15348.04 hectares; fallow land 386.08 hectares; single crop 17.63%, double crop 38.85% and treble crop 43.52%.
Cultivable land under irrigation land under cultivation 54.7%.
Land control Among the peasants, 23.72% are landless, 32.30% small, 23.57% intermediate and 20.41% rich; cultivable land per head 0.13 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk. 6000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, mustard seed, brinjal, onion, garlic, sugarcane, sesame. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, china, khesari, chhola, arahar, shan, kaun.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, black berry, papaya, banana. Fisheries 25. Communication facilities Roads: pucca 29 km, semi pucca 2 km and mud road 194.47 km; waterways 16 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart and horse carriage. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Welding 5, ice factory 1.
Cottage industries Weaving 120, goldsmith 20, blacksmith 15, wood work 14, tailoring 110.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 15, most noted of which Dadbhangahat, Raumari hat and Kartimari hat.
Main exports Jute, molasses.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, ASA, CARE, RDRS, Nijera Kari, Basundhara, RSDP, JAC, Jana Kalyan Kendra, Arta Samajik Unnayan Sangstha, RSDA, CSD, Chhinnamukul, Solidarity.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 4 and satellite clinic 2.