Salikha Upazila (Magura district) with an area of 228.64 sq km, is surrounded by Jhenaidha Sadar and Magura Sadar upazilas on the north,Bagherpara upazila on the south, Mohammadpur (Magura) and Narail Sadar upazilas on the east and Kakliganj (Satkhira) and Bagherpara upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Fatki, Chitra and Nabaganga; noted depressions are Chakulia Beel and Bhulodar Beel.
Shalikha (Town) located at Arpara. The town consists of 3 mouzas. The area of the town is 5.13 sq km. The town has a population of 4549; male 54.52%, female 45.48%. Density of population per sq km is 886. Literacy rate among the town people is 35.2%.
Administration Shalikha thana was established in 1845 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of seven union parishads, 100 mouzas and 118 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Three domed Mosque at Chhaigharia, one domed Jami Mosque at Gopalgram (seventeenth century), Loknath Ashram at Talkhari (Vaishanava period).
Historical events During the War of Liberation the Pak army buried six freedom fighters alive after forcing them to dug their own graves at road side of Shatakhali on the Magura-Jessore highway. Seven freedom fighters lost their lives in the hands of the Razakar s at Talkhari.
Marks of War of Liberation Memorial monument 1.
Population 132291; Male 51.05%, female 48.95%; Muslim 69.02% and Hindu 30.98%.
Religious institutions Mosque 309, temple 16. Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 24.8%; male 32.8% and female 18.8%.
Educational institutions: college 2, high school 22, junior high school 5, madrasa 16, government primary school 49, non-government primary school 45, satellite school 3, community school 5.
Noted educational institutions: Simakhali Primary School (1932), Simakhali High School, Sharshuna High School and Atpara High School.
Cultural organisations Rural club 25, public library 1, cinema hall 1, women's organisation 1, playground 20, literary society 1, theatre group 2, opera party 2, cooperative society 292.
Main occupations Agriculture 60.58%, fishing 1.71%, transport 1.26%, agricultural labourer 19.64%, wage labourer 1.4%. industry 1.69%, commerce 6.23%, service 3.03% and others 4.46%.
Land use Total cultivable land 17852.29 hectares, fallow land 5013 hectares; single crop 32%, double crop 48% and treble crop land 20%; land under irrigation 87%.
Land control Among the peasants, 30% are landless, 40% small, 20% intermediate and 10% rich; land per head 0.16 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 10000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, onion, brinjal, date molasses, patal and garlic. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, kaun, indigo and arahar.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, papaya and jambhura.Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 4, fishery 2 and cattle breeding sub centre 2.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 90 km, semi pucca 30 km and mud road 400 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories Ball pen industry1 and welding 9. Cottage industries Weaving 25, goldsmith 57, blacksmith 35, potteries 300, tailoring 150 and wood work 110.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 20, most noted of which are Arpara, Simakhali, Chaturbaria, Singra and Bunagati; fairs 2 (Ganga Snana Mela and Baruni Mela).
Main exports Jute, paddy, wheat and varieties of pulse.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac. ASA, Grameen Bank, and TCSD.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family welfare centre 7 and satellite clinic 2.