Santhia Upazila (Pabna district) with an area of 331.56 sq km, is surrounded by Faridpur (Pabna) and Shahjadpur upazilas on the north, Sujanagar upazila on the south, Bera upazila on the east, Atgharia and Pabna Sadar upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Hurasagar and Ichamati; noted depressions: Ghugudaha, Gargar and Gang Bhangar Beel.
Santhia (Town) consists of 9 wards and 26 mahallas. The area of the town is 5.44 sq km. The town has a population of 33369 male 52.05%, female 47.95%. The density of population is 6134 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 34%.
Administration Santhia thana, now an upazila, was established in 1905. It consists of 11 union parishads, 177 mouzas and 253 villages.
Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave at Nagdemra; memorial monument at Santhia upazila compound.
Population 283463; male 52.20%, female 47.80%; Muslim 95.84%, Hindu 4.08% and others 0.08%.
Religious institutions Mosque 300, temple 30, church 2.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 23%; male 28.4% and female 17%.
Educational institutions: college 7, high school 25, madrasa 19, government primary school 90, non-government primary school 77, low cost primary school 4 and NGO operated school 207.
Noted educational institutions: Santhia Government Primary School (1901), Santhia Pilot High School (1943).
Cultural organisations Rural club 25, library 2, theatre group 1, cinema hall 5, opera party 1, playground 7.
Main occupations Agriculture 41.98%, agricultural labourer 26.45%, wage labourer 3.03%, commerce 8.52%, service 3.27%, weaving 5.19%, industrial labourer 1.89% and others 9.67%.
Land use Total cultivable land 24825.07 hectares, fallow land 763.08 hectares; single crop 20%, double crop 53% and treble crop 27%; land under irrigation 45%.
Land control Among the peasants, 25% are landless, 31% small, 30% intermediate and 14% rich.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 5000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, onion, chilli, mustard and patal. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Barly, linseed, kaun, bhura.
Main fruits Mango, papaya and banana.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Dairy 54, poultry 12, fishery 2, nursery (fish) 1.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 77 km, semi pucca 7 km and mud road 450 km; waterways 12 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage (nearly extinct) and boat.
Manufactories Rice mill 7, flour mill 2, welding 22.
Cottage industries Weaving 500, bamboo and cane work 32, blacksmith 25, goldsmith 32, potteries 27, wood work 80, tailoring 300, leather work 8.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 26, most noted of which are R Ataikula, Banagram, Kashinathpur, Karamja Chatur, Boalmari and Shahidnagar Hat; fair 1 (Krishi Mela).
Main exports Paddy, onion, chilli, patal and leather.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are RDRS, ASA, BRAC, Grameen Bank, TMSS, Samata.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, health & family welfare centre 8 and satellite clinic 3.