Location: Sarankhola Upazila ( Bagerhat district) is surrounded by Morrelganj, upazila on the north, the Bay of Bengal on the south, Mathbaria and Pathergata upazilas on the east, Mogla upazila on the west.
Area: 756.61 sq km
Main Rivers: Balleshwar, Haringhata and Chandpai; the Sundarban covers major area of the upazila.
Sarankhola Town : It consists of 2 mouzas. The area of the town is 29.08 sq km. It has a population of 24903; male 51.72%, female 48.28%. The density of population is 856 per sq km. The literacy rate among the town people is 44.6%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration: Sarankhola thana was established in 1908 and was turned into an upazila in 1982. It consists of 5 union parishads, 12 mouzas and 45 villages. Religious institutions Mosque 171 and temple 18.
Population: 107856; male 51.28%, female 48.72%; Muslim 91.11%, Hindu 8.84%, others 0.05%.
Literacy: Average literacy 35.4%; male 39%, female 31.9%.
Educational Institutions: college 1, high school 9, junior school 8, community school 7, madrasa 11, satellite school 14, government primary school 34 and non-government primary school 71.
Newspapers and Periodicals: Weekly Bananchal. Cultural organisations Press club 1, cinema hall 2, cultural organisation 2.
Main Occupations: Agriculture 32.94%, forestry 8.65%, fishing 4.27%, agricultural labourer 11.96%, wage labourer 7.32%, commerce 14.14%, service 5.78%, others 14.94%.
Land Property: Land use Arable land 11616 hectares, fallow land 829 hectares; single crop 53.02%, double crop 26.67% and treble crop land 20.31%.
Land control Among the peasants, 35.03% landless, 7.23% marginal, 22.10% small, 29.67% intermediate, 5.97% rich; cultivable land per head 0.09 hectare.
Value of land Market value of first grade of land is Tk 2500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops: Paddy and Pulse. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Coconut and betel nut. Main fruits Banana, litchi, lemon and mango. Poultries 23.
Communication facilities: Roads pucca 25 km, semi pucca 34 km and mud road 150 km.
Traditional transport: Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct) and boat.
Manufactories: Welding 5, ice factory 3. Cottage industries Bamboo and cane work 15, goldsmith 15, blacksmith 2, weaving 11.
Hats, bazars and fairs: Hats and bazars are 4, most noted of which are Raenda Bazar and Tafalbari Bazar.
NGO Activities: BRAC, Grameen Bank and Agradut. Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 4.