Sariakandi Upazila (Bogra district) with an area of 432.55 sq km, is surrounded by Sughatta and Sonatala upazilas on the north, Dhunat and Kazipur upazilas on the south, Islampur, Madarganj and Sarishabari upazilas on the east, Gabtali upazila on the west.
Main rivers are Jamuna, Bangali and Sukhdaha; Ruhia Beel is notable.
Sariakandi (Town) consists of 9 wards and 16 mahallas. The area of the town is 3.41 sq km. Sariakandi Municipality was established in 1999. It has a population of 17136; male 51.63%, female 48.37%. Literacy rate among the town people is 38.8%.
Administration Sariakandi thana, now an upazila, was established in 1886. It consists of one municipality, 13 union parishads, 107 mouzas and 190 villages. Religious institutions Mosque 320, temple 6, tomb 1.
Population 229563; male 50.93%, female 49.07%; Muslim 96.67%, Hindu 3.18%, others 0.15%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 22.1%; male 28.0%, female 15.9%.
Educational institutions: college 5, secondary school (government) 1, secondary school (private) 21, primary school (government) 83, primary school (private) 77, madrasa 30.
Noted educational institutions: Naokhila Government Primary School (1901), Devdanga Government Primary School (1903), Chhagaldhara Government Primary School (1904), Sariakandi Government Model Primary School (1905), Hat Phulbabari Government Primary School (1905), Kajla Government Primary School (1905), Chandannaish Degree College (1964). Cultural organisations Rural club 20, theatre group 1, cinema hall 2, cultural society 2, literary society 1, women's organisation 4.
Main occupations Agriculture 48.7%, agricultural labourer 25.88%, wage labourer 1.61%, trade & commerce 10.2%, service 13.61%.
Landuse Arable land 19909.75 hectares, fallow 1925.13; single crop 45%, double crop 40%, and treble crop land 15%. Arable land under irrigation 57%.
Land control Among the peasants, 40% are landless, 35% small peasant, 20% intermediate and 5% rich; cultivable land per head 0.09 hectare.
Value of land Market value of first grade arable land about Tk 6500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, brinjal, patal, onion, garlic, arum, mustard and chilli.
Extinct and nearly extinct crops Indigo (extinct); Til,(sesame), Tisi (linseed), Arhar, black gram, Kawan (Italian millet), yam, etc are nearly extinct.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, guava, banana, papaya.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 336, dairy 106, poultry 83.
Communication Roads: pucca 15 km, semi pacca 7, mud road 222 km; waterways 16 nautical mile. Traditional transport Soari, palanquin, horse carriage. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Rice mill 38, ice cream factory 9.
Cottage industries Weaving 30, bamboo work 175, goldsmith 47, blacksmith 74, potteries 250, wood work 150, tailoring 225, welding 12.
Hats bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 19, most noted of which are Phulbari, Sariakandi, Chandanbaisha, Madhurapara, Kutubpur; fair 2, Sri Panchami Mela at village Harina is notable. Main exports Jute, chilli.
NGO activities BRAC, ASA, World Vision, BAOPA,TMSS , Food for Hungry International. Padakkhep, Palli Shastha Unnayan Sangstha, Sramajeebi Mohila Samiti, Gram Unnayan Kendra, Grameen Mohila O Shishu Unnayan Sangstha, Palli Ganaunnayan Sangstha, RAC etc.
Health centres Upazila health centre 1, family planning centre 12, satellite clinic 4.