Satkania Upazila (Chittagong district) with an area of 280.99 sq km, is surrounded by Chandanaish upazila on the north, Lohagara upazila on the south, Bandarban Sadar upazila on the east, Banshkhali and Anwara upazilas on the west.
Main river is Sangu; Main depressions are Goribarjheel, Mailla.
Satkania (Town) consists of 4 mouzas. The area of the town is 17.11 sq km. The town has a population of 43176; male 49.67% and female 50.33%; population density per sq km 2524. Literacy rate among the town people is 40.1%. The upazila town is a noted trade centre.
Administration Satkania thana was established in 1917 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of 17 union parishads, 71 mouzas and 100 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Three domed Dargaon Mosque (satkania union) and Deputy Mosque (15th century AD, Sonakania union), coins engraved with figure (13th century AD) and Thakur Dighi (Satkania), Kotwal Dighi (Sonakania).
Historical events During the War of Liberation the Pakistan Army plundered at Baniapara (south Satkania) and set on fire a number of houses. Afterwards they killed twenty-four innocent people.
Marks of the War of Liberation Memorial monument 1.
Religious institutions Mosque 1025, tomb 18, Hindu temple 61 and Buddhist temple 8, most noted of which are Voalia Para Majher Mosque, Mazar of Ajgar Shah (R), Satkania Sadar Sri Sri Dhakhinshhari Kali Bari, Kanchana Kali Bari, Koroia Nagar and Sonakania Buddhist Vihara.
Population 299762; male 50.10% and female 49.90%; Muslim 86.75%, Hindu 11.89%, Buddhist 1.32%, Christian and others 0.04%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 30.4%; male 37.6% and female 23.3%.
Educational institutions: college 5, high school 24, government primary school 104, non-government primary school 37, madrasa 28 and kindergarten 6.
Noted educational institutions: Satkania Government College (1949), Garangia Islamia Kamil Madrasa (1920), Satkania Ideal Pilot High School (1902), Rupkania Government Primary School (1910) and Bangladesh Rifles Training Academy (Baitul Izzat).
Cultural organisations Public library 1, public hall 1, rural club 310, cinema hall 1, women's organisation 52, playground 37 and sports organisation 7.
Main occupations Agriculture, fishing and forestry 33.63%, agricultural labourer 15.4%, wage labourer 4.41%, commerce 17.03%, industry 1.3%, transport, services 12.63%, others 15.60%.
Land use Of the total cultivable land, single crop 18%, double crop 60% and treble crop land 22%.
Cultivable land under irrigation 80%.
Land control Among the peasants, 22% are landless, 44% marginal, 26% small, 6% intermediate and 2% rich; cultivable land per head 0.07 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 9000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, potato, chilli, brinjal, mustard, tomato, ground nut, pumpkin, pulse and turmeric. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sugarcane, pineapple, jute, wheat, corn and betel nut.
Main fruits Mango, black berry, jackfruit, banana, litchi, papaya, guava, amra (hog plum), coconut, dalim (pomgranate) and shaddock (jambura).
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 2, poultry 306, dairy 8.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 77 km, semi pucca 42 km and mud road 538 km; waterways 39 nautical mile; embankment 20 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin and tangan (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), and boat.
Manufactories Ice factory 26, timber industry 1, rice and flour mill 190, saw mill 20 and welding 35.
Cottage industries Bamboo work 1764, tailoring 500, jute work 300, wood work 253, goldsmith 180, potteries 177, blacksmith 145, weaving 131, embroidery work 25, wool work 20, spinning thread 30 and nakshi kantha and fishing net works (by women labourer).
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 30, most noted of which are Deputy Hat, Dewan Hat, Kerani Hat, Bomang Hat, Bangla Hat, Bangla Bazar; fair: Baruni Mela, Marja Khil Muharram Mela, Mokkora Boli Game (Mela), etc.
Main exports Banana, guava, chilli, ground nut, potato, cotton, bamboo and cane products.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Grameen Bank, Proshika, and Uddipona.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 5, family planning centre 17, private hospital 1.